Advertisement

Health Implications of a Plant Beneficial and Probiotic Lactobacillus casei in Foods Containing the Isoflavone-Daidzein

  • Moushumi Ghosh
  • Krishnaswamy Balamurugan
  • Abhijit Ganguli
Chapter

Abstract

This study reports the behavior of Lactobacillus casei, a probiotic strain upon exposure to isoflavones commonly consumed in Indian diet. In vitro studies with daidzein, formononetin, genistein, coumesterol, and biochanin A indicated the strain to be tolerant to these with little degradation, but daidzein was preferred as a carbon source with 99.23% degradation. Exposure to daidzein did not alter essential probiotic and other technological attributes of the strain. The ability of the strain to release isoflavones by fermentation of soil plant material may facilitate rhizospheric interaction and is beneficial for plant growth. Besides, the Lactobacillus casei offers additional advantages as an established probiotic, for instance, its importance in alleviation of malathion toxicity (Kamaladevi et al. 2016) which is of relevance in food plants. The results of our study indicate the potential importance of applicability of this strain both for human and plant benefits.

Keywords

probiotic plant health isoflavones Lactobacillus casei human health 

Notes

Acknowledgment

The authors are grateful to Dr. Sutapa B Neogi, Additional Professor, Indian Institute of Public Health, Delhi, PHFI, for her expert suggestions and comments.

References

  1. Adlercreutz A, Mousavi Y, Clark J, Hockerstedt K, Hamalainen E, Wahala K, Makela T, Hase T (1992) Dietary phytoestrogens and cancer: in vitro and in vivo studies. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 41:331–337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Beck AB (1964) The oestrogenic isoflavones of Subterranean clover. Aust J Agric Res 15:223–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Casey PG, Casey GD, Gardiner GE, Tangney M, Stanson C, Ross RP, Hill C, Fitzgerald GF (2004) Isolation and characterization of anti-Salmonella lactic acid bacteria from the porcine gastrointestinal tract. Lett Appl Microbiol 39:431–438CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Casteele KV, Geiger H, Sumere CFV (1982) Separation of flavonoids by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. J Chromatogr 240:81–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cerning J, Renard CMGC, Thibualt JF, Bouillanne C, Landon M, Desmazeaud M, Topisirovic L (1994) Carbon source requirements for exopolysaccharide production by Lactobacillus casei CG11 and partial structure analysis of the polymer. Appl Environ Microbiol 60(11):3914–3919PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. Chou L, Weimer B (1998) Isolation and characterization of acid and bile tolerant isolates from strains of Lactobacillus acidophilus. J Dairy Sci 82:23–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Donkor ON, Shah NP (2008) Production of β-glucosidase and hydrolysis of isoflavone phytoestrogens by Lactobacillus acidophilus, Bifidobacterium lactis, and Lactobacillus casei in soymilk. J Food Sci 73(1):15–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fontaine MNB, Rault J, Vanoss CJ (1996) Microbial adhesion to solvents: a novel method to determine the electron-donor/ electron-acceptor or Lewis acid-base properties of microbial cells. Colloids Surf 7:47–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Izumi T, Piskula MK, Osawa S, Obata A, Tobe K, Saito M, Kataoka S, Kubota Y, Kikuchi M (2000) Soy isoflavone aglycones are absorbed faster and in higher amounts than their glucosides in humans. J Nutr 130:1695–1699CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kamaladevi A, Ganguli A, Balamurugan K (2016) Lactobacillus casei stimulates phase-II detoxification system and rescues malathion-induced physiological impairments in Caenorhabditis elegans. Comp Biochem Physiol C 179:19–28Google Scholar
  11. Kumar M, Ghosh M, Ganguli A (2010) Mitogenic response and probiotic characteristics of lactic acid bacteria isolated from indigenously pickled vegetables and fermented beverages. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 28:703–711CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kurzer MS, Xu X (1997) Dietary phytoestrogen. Annu Rev Nutr 17:353–381CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Lee SH, No MJ (1997) Viability in artificial gastric and bile juice and antimicrobial activity of some lactic acid bacteria isolated from Kimchi. Korean J Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 28:279–284Google Scholar
  14. Matsura M, Obata A (1993) β-Glucosidases from soybeans hydrolyze daidzin and genistin. J Food Sci 58:144–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Matsura M, Sasaki J, Murao S (1995) Studies on β-glucosidases from soybeans that hydrolyze daidzein and genistin: isolation and characterization of an isozyme. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 59:1623–1627CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Otieno DO, Ashton JF, Shah NP (2006) Evaluation of enzymic potential for biotransformation of isoflavone phytoestrogen in soymilk by Bifidobacterium animalis, Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus casei. Food Res Int 39:394–407CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Otieno DO, Shah NP (2007) Endogenous β-glucosidase and β-galactosidase activities from selected probiotic micro-organisms and their role in isoflavone biotransformation in soymilk. J Appl Microbiol 103(4):910–917CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Pelletier C, Bouley C, Cayuela C, Bouttier S, Bourlioux P, Bellon-Fontaine MN (1997) Cell surface characteristics of Lactobacillus casei subsp. casei, Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei, and Lactobacillus rhamnosus strains. Appl Environ Microbiol 63:1725–1731PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  19. Rosenberg M, Gutnick D, Rosenberg E (1980) Adherence of bacteria to hydrocarbons: a simple method for measuring cell-surface hydrophobicity. FEMS Microbiol Lett 9:29–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Setchell KDR (2000) Absorption and metabolism of soy isoflavones-from food to dietary supplements and adults to infants. Am Soc Nutr Sci J Nutr 130:654S–655SGoogle Scholar
  21. Sivamaruthi BS, Ganguli A, Kumar M, Bhaviya S, Pandian SKand Balamurugan K (2011) Caenorhabditis elegans as a model for studying Cronobacter sakazakii ATCC BAA-894 pathogenesis. J Basic Microbiol 51:540–549CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Setchell KDR, Cassidy A (1999) Dietary isoflavones: biological effects and relevance to human health. J Nutr 129(3):758S–767SCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Setchell KDR, Zimmer-Nechemias L, Cai J, Heubi JE (1998) Isoflavone content of infant formulas and the metabolic fate of these phytoestrogens in early life. Am J Clin Nutr 68:1453S–1461SCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Wong E (1962) Detection and estimation of oestrogenic constituents in red clover. J Sci Food Agric 13:231–253CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Moushumi Ghosh
    • 1
  • Krishnaswamy Balamurugan
    • 2
  • Abhijit Ganguli
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyThapar Institute of engineering and TechnologyPatialaIndia
  2. 2.Department of BiotechnologyAlagappa UniversityKaraikudiIndia
  3. 3.SSD Project ConglomeratePHFIGurgaonIndia

Personalised recommendations