Advertisement

Microbial Fuel Cell: A Synergistic Flow Approach for Energy Power Generation and Wastewater Treatment

  • Chin-Tsan WangEmail author
  • Thangavel Sangeetha
Chapter
Part of the Materials Horizons: From Nature to Nanomaterials book series (MHFNN)

Abstract

Researchers have made momentous and significant efforts to discover sustainable and alternative energy sources owing to increase the apprehensions over energy crisis, environmental pollution, and climate change. In this regards, microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are major bioelectrochemical reactors for wastewater treatment and bioenergy production. They are friendly and sustainable to the environment and are considered as a novel application for maintaining the sustainability of the ecosystems. The following book chapter will be dealing with various successful research contributions by the team of Professor Chin Tsan Wang. An in-depth understanding of the flow parameters and their incorporation in MFCs has fascinated the researchers in our group for almost a decade. The integration of main technologies including hydrodynamics and microfluidics with MFCs have been explained in detail. Further, some innovative approaches of incorporating flow channels, micromixers, and flow straighteners into MFCs with the solitary objective of enhancing their power and wastewater treatment has also been elucidated. As far as our knowledge is concerned, flow characteristics have been less studied in MFCs, and we therefore consider that our novel attempts might contribute to widening the knowledge of such integrated technologies. Thus, based on the above-mentioned details we are determined that this book chapter will contribute to feasible and useful new concepts to the experts and provide interesting facts to the readers. This will eventually improve the future applications of MFCs in alternative energy production and wastewater treatment.

Keywords

Microbial fuel cells Power generation Wastewater treatment Flow parameters Energy crisis Climate change Environmental pollution  

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors of this book chapter would like to acknowledge the generous funding support from NSC (National Science Council) Taiwan under the MOST (Ministry of Science and Technology) project numbers MOST 107-2622-E-197-006-CC3, 106-2218-E-027-014-MY2 and 106-2923-E-197-001-MY3 for this research study.

References

  1. 1.
    Wang CT, Sangeetha T, Zhao F, Garg A, Chang CT, Wang CH (2018) Sludge selection on the performance of sediment microbial fuel cells. Int J Energ Res 42:4250–4255.  https://doi.org/10.1002/er.4168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lan TH, Wang CT, Sangeetha T, Yang YC, Garg A (2018) Constructed mathematical model for nanowire electron transfer in microbial fuel cells. J Power Sources 402:483–488.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2018.09.074CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zhao N, Jiang Y, Alvarado-Morales M, Treu L, Angelidaki I, Zhang Y (2018) Electricity generation and microbial communities in microbial fuel cell powered by macroalgal biomass. Bioelectrochemistry 123:145–149.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bioelechem.2018.05.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Shaw CK, Wang CT, Huang RY (2010) Optimization of flow in microbial fuel cells: an investigation into promoting micro-channel effectiveness. 國立宜蘭大學工程學刊 6:1–7.  https://doi.org/10.6176/BCE.2010.06.11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wang CT, Hu YC, Hu TY (2009) Biophysical micromixer. Sensors 9:5379–5389.  https://doi.org/10.3390/s90705379CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wang CT, Qi ZQ, Fang SJ (2011) Design of convergent flow channel applied to sediment microbial fuel cells. Asia-Pac Power Energy Eng Conf IEEE 1–4.  https://doi.org/10.1109/appeec.2011.5749147
  7. 7.
    Wang CT, Ming YC, Sheng CZ, Shuai T (2011) Effect of biometric flow channel on the power generation at different Reynolds numbers in the single chamber of rumen microbial fuel cells (RMFCs). Int J Hydrog Energy 36:9242–9251.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2011.04.208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wang CT, Yang CM, Yang YC (2012) Rumen microbial fuel cells. Microb Biotechnol Energ Environ 78–96Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wang CT, Shaw CK, Hu TY (2011) Optimization of flow in microbial fuel cells: an investigation into promoting micro-mixer efficiency with obstacle. J Appl Sci Eng 14:25–31.  https://doi.org/10.6180/jase.2011.14.1.04CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Qi ZQ, Fan SJ, Wang CT, Hu ZY (2012) Mixing effect of biometric flow channel in microbial fuel cells. Appl Energy 100:106–111.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2012.03.026CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wang CT, Chang CT, Hu TY, Leu TS (2011) Unsteady flow mixing effect in bionic micro-flow channel. Int J Chem React Eng 1:1–17.  https://doi.org/10.1515/1542-6580.2504CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wang CT, Chen YM, Qi ZQ, Wang YT, Yang YC (2014) Types of simplified flow channels without flow obstacles in microbial fuel cells. Int J Hydrog Energy 39:14306–14311.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2014.04.095CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wang CT (2014) Flow control in microbial fuel cells. In: Technology and application of microbial fuel cells, 1–12.  https://doi.org/10.5772/58346CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lan TH, Wang CT, Yang YC, Wen-Tong C (2016) Multi-effects of gravity and geometric flow channel on the performance of continuous microbial fuel cells. Int J Green Energy 13:1483–1489.  https://doi.org/10.1080/15435075.2016.1206012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wang CT, Chen YM, Chen SS (2016) Heart-Like Micro-Flow Mixer. Int J Chem React Eng 14:343–349.  https://doi.org/10.1515/ijcre-2014-0181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wang CT, Lee YC, Ou YT, Yang YC, Chong WT, Sangeetha T, Yan WM (2017) Exposing effect of comb-type cathode electrode on the performance of sediment microbial fuel cells. Appl Energy 15:620–625.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.07.079CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Wang CT, Ou YT, Wu BX, Thangavel S, Hong SW, Chung WT, Yan WM (2017) A modified serpentine flow slab for in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFCs). Energ Procedia 142:667–673.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2017.12.110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Chen YM, Wang CT, Yang YC (2018) Effect of wall boundary layer thickness on power performance of a recirculation microbial fuel cell. Energies 11:1003.  https://doi.org/10.3390/en11041003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wang CT, Huang YS, Sangeetha T, Yan WM (2018) Assessment of recirculation batch mode operation in bufferless Bio-cathode Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs). Appl Energy 209:120–126.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.10.074CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Wang CT, Huang YS, Sangeetha T, Chen YM, Chong WT, Ong HC, Zhao F, Yan WM (2018) Novel bufferless photosynthetic microbial fuel cell (PMFCs) for enhanced electrochemical performance. Bioresour Technol 255:83–87.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2018.01.086CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Li X, Sabir I (2005) Review of bipolar plates in PEM fuel cells: flow-field designs. Int J Hydrog Energy 30:359–371.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2004.09.019CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Chiao M, Lam KB, Lin L (2006) Micromachined microbial and photosynthetic fuel cells. J Micromech Microeng 16:2547.  https://doi.org/10.1088/0960-1317/16/12/005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Seo Y (2013) Effect of hydraulic diameter of flow straighteners on turbulence intensity in square wind tunnel. HVAC&R Res 19:141–147.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10789669.2012.749133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ketep SF, Bergel A, Bertrand M, Achouak W, Fourest E (2013) Lowering the applied potential during successive scratching/re-inoculation improves the performance of microbial anodes for microbial fuel cells. Bioresour Technol 127:448–455.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2012.09.008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Sangeetha T, Guo Z, Liu W, Gao L, Wang L, Cui M, Chen C, Wang A (2018) Energy recovery evaluation in an up flow microbial electrolysis coupled anaerobic digestion (ME-AD) reactor: role of electrode positions and hydraulic retention times. Appl Energy 206:1214–1224.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.10.026CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Picioreanu C, van Loosdrecht MC, Curtis TP, Scott K (2010) Model based evaluation of the effect of pH and electrode geometry on microbial fuel cell performance. Bioelectrochemistry 78:8–24.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bioelechem.2009.04.009CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Electro-Mechanical EngineeringNational Ilan UniversityYilan CityTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of Energy and Refrigerating Air-Conditioning Engineering, Research Center of Energy Conservation for New Generation of Residential, Commercial, and Industrial SectorsNational Taipei University of TechnologyTaipeiTaiwan

Personalised recommendations