Non-chemical Weed Management for Field Crops

  • Omer FarooqEmail author
  • Khuram Mubeen
  • Hafiz Haider Ali
  • Shakeel Ahmad


Weeds are unwanted plants that enhance the production cost of crops, which causes economic loss to growers. Historically, hand-weeding is one of the oldest methods to control weed, and all other weed control methods during earlier times were chemical-free. Use of inorganic chemicals started during the late nineteenth century. Non-chemical means to control weed include preventive, cultural, physical, or mechanical measures, exploiting allelopathic means, and bio-measures. While among other approaches, preventive methods and cultural means of controlling weeds, like cover cropping, intercropping, and crop rotation, are usually less frequent but implemented. Similarly, thermal weeding, utilizing the electromagnetic fields and electric systems, is an another tool for conquering weeds. Integrated weed management offers usage of all available tools to effectively minimize weeds in a short- and long-term approach because farming community always preferred to choice an inexpensive, informal, and eco-friendly measure to manage weeds.


Weeds Weed control Cultural methods Allelopathy 



Corresponding authors are highly thankful to Dr. Khawar Jabran, Assistant Professor, Department of Plant Protection, Duzce University, Turkey, who helped us in literature search.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Omer Farooq
    • 1
    Email author
  • Khuram Mubeen
    • 2
  • Hafiz Haider Ali
    • 3
  • Shakeel Ahmad
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AgronomyBahauddin Zakariya UniversityMultanPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Agronomy, College of AgricultureUniversity of SargodhaSargodhaPakistan
  3. 3.Muhammad Nawaz Shareef University of Agriculture MultanMultanPakistan

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