Indian Contributions to Pharmacology

  • Sakthibalan Murugesan
  • Mangaiarkkarasi Adhimoolam


The history and knowledge of Indian pharmacology can be traced back to more than thousands of years. Ayurveda, the foundation of the Indian medical system, dates back to sixth century BC. The Unani system of medicine entered in the medieval period between the eighth and eighteenth century. The modern era of medicine was marked by the British invasion from the sixteenth century. Eminent Indians who worked in the field of pharmacology during this era include Sir Upendranath Brahmachari, Ram Nath Chopra (the Father of Indian Pharmacology), Prof. M. L. Shroff (the Father of Pharmacy in India), Yellapragada SubbaRow, Prafulla Chandra Ray, U. K. Sheth, Asima Chatterjee, Har Gobind Khorana and Ranjit Roy Chaudhury. Indian scientists like Sastry and Pandey have also contributed to the research in receptor pharmacology significantly at various institutes around the world. The Central Drug Research Institute (CDRI) has developed many drugs like α,β-arteether, centchroman, dalzbone, consap, gugulipid, bacosides and others. Since 1990, a large number of pharmaceutical companies have emerged in India and have set up their research and development centres, but still there exists a lacuna in the field of drug discovery and development.


Indian contribution Pharmacology History 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sakthibalan Murugesan
    • 1
  • Mangaiarkkarasi Adhimoolam
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PharmacologySri Venkateshwaraa Medical College Hospital & Research CentrePuducherryIndia

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