A Brief Survey on Hardware Realization of Two-Dimensional Adaptive Filters

  • Prabhat Chandra ShrivastavaEmail author
  • Prashant Kumar
  • Manish Tiwari
  • Amit Dhawan
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 587)


The efficient recognition of hardware of two-dimensional (2-D) adaptive filters is an immense problem of present state of art. The concept of the adaptive filter is given by Widrow in the decade of sixty and the mathematical expression of 2-D adaptive filters is introduced by Hadhoud in the decade of ninety. Further, several researchers give the different type of adaptive algorithms for the hardware realization of 2-D adaptive filters. The least mean square (LMS) algorithms are too renowned due to its accomplished convergence properties and simplicity to implement in hardware. In this paper, we present a concise compendium of the efficient hardware structure of 2-D adaptive filters.


1-D and 2-D adaptive filter LMS algorithms Mean square error Normalized LMS 2-D LMS algorithm 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Prabhat Chandra Shrivastava
    • 1
    Email author
  • Prashant Kumar
    • 1
  • Manish Tiwari
    • 1
  • Amit Dhawan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electronics & Communication EngineeringMNNITAllahabadIndia

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