Interaction of Electromagnetic Fields (100 KHz–300 GHz) Exposure with Respect to Human Body Model and Methods for SAR Measurement

  • Rashid Jamal
  • Rajiv Kumar SinghEmail author
  • Ekta Singh
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 587)


In the present paper, near- and far-field interaction mechanism of EM field and measurement of SAR over human body model for both near- and far-field from the electromagnetic source are described. For the modeling of equivalent human body part phantom model using Maxwell equations, parameters, like complex permittivity, polarization, internal dose, skin effect, etc., are considered. These parameters make SAR measurement easier. Further, the techniques and instruments that are used to measure the SAR for both far-field and near-field region are described. Thermal and electric probes used to measure the SAR have their remarkable boundaries while dealing with the measurement of low and high power levels. It has been identified that electric probes are used for both low- and high-power transceiver, whereas thermal probe is restricted only to high-power transceiver. Further, idea about the analysis of electromagnetic fields induced in biological tissues by thermographic camera is included.


Specific absorption rate RF transparent temperature sensor Electric field probe Thermographic camera 



Authors would like to thank Council of Science and Technology U.P. for providing support under R&D grant scheme.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rashid Jamal
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rajiv Kumar Singh
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Ekta Singh
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Electronics EnggInstitute of Engineering and TechnologyLucknowIndia
  2. 2.Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Technical UniversityLucknowIndia

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