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Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizospheric Microbes for Remediation of Saline Soils

  • Tahmish Fatima
  • Naveen Kumar Arora
Chapter
Part of the Microorganisms for Sustainability book series (MICRO, volume 9)

Abstract

Salinity is responsible for lowering the quality of soil and reducing the agricultural productivity, continuously increasing the area of marginal lands across the globe. Among the biological solutions, application of rhizobacteria has emerged as the effective strategy for promoting plant growth and enhancing the fertility of saline soil. Various direct and indirect plant growth-promoting attributes including phytohormones, exopolysaccharides, osmolytes, antioxidants, and 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase production help to combat the negative impact of salinity on plants. Indirect mechanisms such as synthesis of hydrogen cyanide (HCN), antibiotics and hydrolytic enzymes help in inhibiting the growth of phytopathogens in saline conditions. These beneficial microbes also improve the structure and quality of soil, rejuvenating their productivity index. Henceforth, the identification and selection of halotolerant microbes and studying the mechanisms involved in salt tolerance would provide a better future in designing amelioration strategies for saline soils.

Keywords

Salinity Rhizospheric microbes PGPR Rhizoremediation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tahmish Fatima
    • 1
  • Naveen Kumar Arora
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Microbiology, School for Environmental SciencesBabasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar UniversityLucknowIndia
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Science, School of Environmental SciencesBabasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar UniversityLucknowIndia

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