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Agrarian Relations, Institutions, and Land Reform in Nepal

  • Jagannath AdhikariEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The chapter analyzes the main issues related to access to land and poverty, landownership distribution, access to land for women and the indigenous peoples, landlessness and lack of viable landholdings, land rentals, tenancy rights, and fallow land. It reviews existing laws and policies on land and land rights, land reform in the context of smallholder agriculture, and land administration. It also draws lessons for Nepal from the experiences of other countries in land reform. Finally, it makes policy recommendations to enhance the access to the landless and marginal farmers to land and also to improve access to vital infrastructure such as farm roads and irrigation, technical support system, marketing, and land consolidation, which are vital for agricultural productivity enhancement and income increases.

Acronyms

ADB

Asian Development Bank

BS

Bikram Sambat (Nepali year)

CARP

Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program

CBS

Central Bureau of Statistics

CSRC

Community Self-Reliance Centre

DFID

Department for International Development

DoLIA

Department of Land Information and Archive

FDI

Foreign Direct Investment

GDP

Gross Domestic Product

GLOF

Glacial Lake Outburst Flood

GoN

Government of Nepal

IDS

Integrated Development Study

IFAD

International Fund for Agriculture Development

IPs

Indigenous Peoples

LFUG

Leasehold Forest Users Group

MLRM

Ministry of Land Reform and Management

NA

Not Available

NGO

Non-Governmental Agency

NLSS

Nepal Living Standard Survey

UNDP

United Nations Development Program

WTO

World Trade Organization

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Curtin University of TechnologyPerthAustralia

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