Agrarian Relations, Institutions, and Land Reform in Nepal

  • Jagannath AdhikariEmail author


The chapter analyzes the main issues related to access to land and poverty, landownership distribution, access to land for women and the indigenous peoples, landlessness and lack of viable landholdings, land rentals, tenancy rights, and fallow land. It reviews existing laws and policies on land and land rights, land reform in the context of smallholder agriculture, and land administration. It also draws lessons for Nepal from the experiences of other countries in land reform. Finally, it makes policy recommendations to enhance the access to the landless and marginal farmers to land and also to improve access to vital infrastructure such as farm roads and irrigation, technical support system, marketing, and land consolidation, which are vital for agricultural productivity enhancement and income increases.



Asian Development Bank


Bikram Sambat (Nepali year)


Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program


Central Bureau of Statistics


Community Self-Reliance Centre


Department for International Development


Department of Land Information and Archive


Foreign Direct Investment


Gross Domestic Product


Glacial Lake Outburst Flood


Government of Nepal


Integrated Development Study


International Fund for Agriculture Development


Indigenous Peoples


Leasehold Forest Users Group


Ministry of Land Reform and Management


Not Available


Non-Governmental Agency


Nepal Living Standard Survey


United Nations Development Program


World Trade Organization


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Curtin University of TechnologyPerthAustralia

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