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Agricultural Diversification in Nepal

  • Champak PokharelEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Agricultural diversification into high-value commodities improves the livelihoods of small-scale farmers in poor countries like Nepal. This chapter discusses diversification within the agriculture sector between 1995 and 2015, which highlights the expansion in the production of high-value agricultural products such as fruits, vegetables, livestock and fishery sub-sectors at the expense of cereal crops such as rice, maize and wheat. It analyses the main drivers of agricultural diversification, constraints to and opportunities for diversification, and identifies policy recommendations for faster pace of agricultural diversification.

Abbreviations

AFND

Academic Foundation, New Delhi

APROSC

Agricultural Projects Service Centre

AgGDP

Agricultural gross domestic product

APP

Agriculture Perspective Plan

CBS

Central Bureau of Statistics

CFUG

Community Forestry Users’ Group

CMS

Consolidated Management Services Nepal

DOA

Department of Agriculture

DoLIDAR

Department of Local Infrastructure and Agricultural Road

DDC

Dairy Development Corporation

FNCCI

Federation of Nepalese Chambers of Commerce and Industry

GDP

Gross domestic product

GNP

Gross national product

ha

Hector

Interim APP

Nepal Interim Agriculture Perspective Plan

JMA

John Mellor Associates

MI

Ministry of Industry

MOAD

Ministry of Agricultural Development

MOF

Ministry of Finance

Mt

Metric ton

MUD

Ministry of Urban Development

NASPR

Nepal Agriculture Sector Performance Review

NDDB

Nepal Dairy Development Board

NLSS

Nepal Living Standard Survey

NGOs

Non-government organizations

NMMSS

National Milk Marketing and Strategy Study

NPC

National Planning Commission

NRB

Nepal Rastra Bank

SAARC

South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation

PMAMP

Prime Minister’s Agriculture Modernization Project

SINA

Statistical Information on Nepalese Agriculture

UHT

Ultra-heat treated

UNDP

United Nations Development Programme

WTO

World Trade Organization

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.KathmanduNepal

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