Advertisement

Comparison of Nulling Interferometry and Rotational Shearing Interferometry for Detection of Extrasolar Planets

  • Beethoven Bravo-MedinaEmail author
  • Marija Strojnik
  • Erick Ipus
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Physics book series (SPPHY, volume 233)

Abstract

In the last few years, the extrasolar planet detection has been an important science topic. An overwhelming number of the current detections were accomplished using indirect methods. In order to achieve direct detection of planets, a number of interferometric techniques have been proposed. Among those, some are already implemented in terrestrial observatories. The most published of these techniques is the nulling interferometry. We are working on a derivative interferometric technique, referred to as rotational shearing interferometry. We perform a comparison between these techniques and report on the status of their development.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This material is based upon work partially supported by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research under award number FA9550-18-1-0454. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the United States Air Force.

The author B.B.M. acknowledges the Fellowship of the Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACYT), México, for the economic support to accomplish this research.

References

  1. 1.
    B. Bravo-Medina, G. Garcia-Torales, M. Strojnik, J.L. Flores, E. de la Fuente, Shearing interferometer with adjustable optical path difference for exoplanet detection, in Infrared Remote Sensing and Instrumentation XXIV, vol. 9973. International Society for Optics and Photonics (2016), pp. 99730W.  https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2238035
  2. 2.
    B. Bravo-Medina, M. Strojnik, G. Garcia-Torales, H. Torres-Ortega, R. Estrada-Marmolejo, A. Beltrán-González, J.L. Flores, Error compensation in a pointing system based on Risley prisms. Appl. Opt. 56(8), 2209–2216 (2017).  https://doi.org/10.1364/AO.56.002209ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    D. Defrere, P. Hinz, A. Skemer, G. Kennedy, V. Bailey, W. Hoffmann, B. Mennesson, R. Millan-Gabet, W. Danchi, O. Absil et al., First-light LBT nulling interferometric observations: warm exozodiacal dust resolved within a few au of η crv. Astrophys. J. 799(1), 42 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. Ertel, O. Absil, J.C. Augereau, D. Defrere, B. Mennesson, Prospects for the characterization of exozodiacal dust with the vlti. Future of optical-infrared interferometry in Europe (2017), pp. 22–25Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    C. Fridlund, Darwin-the infrared space interferometry mission. ESA Bull. 103(3), 20–25 (2000)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Q. Kral, A.V. Krivov, D. Defrère, R. van Lieshout, A. Bonsor, J.C. Augereau, P. Thébault, S. Ertel, J. Lebreton, O. Absil, Exozodiacal clouds: hot and warm dust around main sequence stars. Astron. Rev. 13(2), 69–111 (2017)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    S. Martin, A. Booth, Demonstration of exoplanet detection using an infrared telescope array. Astron. Astrophys. 520, A96 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    S. Martin, A. Booth, K. Liewer, N. Raouf, F. Loya, H. Tang, High performance testbed for four-beam infrared interferometric nulling and exoplanet detection. Appl. Opt. 51(17), 3907–3921 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    B. Mennesson, A. Léger, M. Ollivier, Direct detection and characterization of extrasolar planets: the mariotti space interferometer. Icarus 178(2), 570–588 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    E. Serabyn, B. Mennesson, M. Colavita, C. Koresko, M. Kuchner, The Keck interferometer nuller. Astrophys. J. 748(1), 55 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. Strojnik, B. Bravo-Medina, G. Garcia-Torales, M. Scholl, Optimal band for extra solar planet detection: sub-millimeter spectral region, in 2017 42nd International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–2.  https://doi.org/10.1109/IRMMW-THz.2017.8066946
  12. 12.
    M. Strojnik, Rationally shearing interferometer for extra-solar system planet detection, in Infrared Remote Sensing and Instrumentation XXVI, vol. 10765 (2018), pp. 10765–10765–11.  https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2515618
  13. 13.
    M. Strojnik, B. Bravo-Medina, Extra-solar planet detection methods, in Infrared Remote Sensing and Instrumentation XXVI, vol. 10765. International Society for Optics and Photonics (2018), p. 107650YGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    M. Strojnik, G. Paez, Simulated interferometric patterns generated by a nearby star–planet system and detected by a rotational shearing interferometer. JOSA A 16(8), 2019–2024 (1999).  https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2319177
  15. 15.
    M. Strojnik, G. Paez, R. Baltazar-Barron, Detection of planet in nearby solar system with rotational shearing interferometer: concept demonstration, in Latin America Optics and Photonics Conference. Optical Society of America (2014), pp. LM1A–2.  https://doi.org/10.1364/LAOP.2014.LM1A.2
  16. 16.
    S.E. Thompson, J.L. Coughlin, K. Hoffman, F. Mullally, J.L. Christiansen, C.J. Burke, S. Bryson, N. Batalha, M.R. Haas, J. Catanzarite, et al., Planetary candidates observed by Kepler. viii. A fully automated catalog with measured completeness and reliability based on data release 25. Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 235(2), 38 (2018)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    J.T. Wright, O. Fakhouri, G.W. Marcy, E. Han, Y. Feng, J.A. Johnson, A.W. Howard, D.A. Fischer, J.A. Valenti, J. Anderson et al., The exoplanet orbit database. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 123(902), 412 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Beethoven Bravo-Medina
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marija Strojnik
    • 1
  • Erick Ipus
    • 1
  1. 1.Centro de Investigaciones en Óptica A. C.LeónMexico

Personalised recommendations