Advertisement

Selection of Aluminum Hybrid Metal Matrix Composite Material Using Additive Ratio Assessment Approach and Comparing with the Experimental Results Varying Different Weight Percentage of the Reinforcements

  • Soutrik BoseEmail author
  • Titas Nandi
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Multidisciplinary Industrial Engineering book series (LNMUINEN)

Abstract

Proper material selection is essential in manufacturing arena with superior product and cost-effectivity. This paper focuses on the multi-criteria approach namely additive ratio assessment (ARAS) for best material selection of a hybrid composite using aluminum (Al) and silicon carbide (SiC) with varying reinforcements like waste carbonized eggshells (WCE), cow dung ash (CDA), snail shell ash (SSA), and boron carbide (B4C) varying different reinforcement weights by stir casting. There is an increment in hardness, tensile, fatigue strength while decrement in fracture toughness, ductility and corrosion rate which gets improved by heat treatment. The optimum values obtained are 7.5 wt% of WCE and SiC + SSA, preheat temperature of WCE and SiC as 300 °C and 500 °C, respectively. WCE is obtained to be the best reinforcement both by ARAS and after experiments at the lowest cost than the other reinforcements.

Keywords

ARAS Hybrid composite Corrosion rate Wettability Porosity 

Nomenclature

CR

Corrosion Rate

A

Exposed Area (cm2)

t

Exposure Time (hours)

K

Constant

W

Weight Loss (g)

ρ

Alloy Density (g/cm3)

P

Percent Porosity

ρexp

Experimental Density

ρtheo

Theoretical Density

BHN

Brinell Hardness Number

References

  1. 1.
    Chatterjee, P., Chakraborty, S.: Gear material selection using complex proportional assessment and additive ratio assessment-based approaches: A comparative study. Int. J. Mater. Sci. Eng. 1, 104–111 (2013)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Deep, G., Idrisi, A.H., Siddiqui, T.U.: A new bio-filler for polypropylene composites. Int. J. Innov. Res. Sci., Eng. Technol. 5, 16720–16725 (2016)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kayal, S., Behera, R., Nandi, T., Sutradhar, G.: Solidification behavior of stir-cast Al alloy metal matrix composites. Int. J. Appl. Eng. Res., Dindigul 2, 350–359 (2011)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jyothi, P.N., Bharath, B.S.K.: Comparison of mechanical properties of Al-5%Si alloy reinforced with cow dung ash and rice husk ash. Int. J. Latest Res. Eng. Technol. 1, 55–58 (2015)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Emenike, R.O.: Corrosion behaviour of fly ash reinforced aluminium magnesium alloy A535 composite. MSc. Thesis (2008). University of Saskatchewan, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Prasad, S.D., Krishna, R.A.: Tribological properties of A356.2/RHA composite. J. Mater. Sci. Technol. 33, 51–58 (2011)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Aribo, S., Barker, R., Hu, X., Neville, A.: Erosion-corrosion behavior of lean duplex stainless steels in 3.5% NaCl solution. Wear 302, 1602–1608 (2013)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Dwivedi, S.P., Sharma, S., Mishra, R.K.: Characterization of waste eggshells and CaCO3 reinforced AA2014 green metal matrix composites: a green approach in the synthesis of composites. Int. J. Precis. Eng. Manuf. 17, 1383–1393 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kumar, K.C.K., Raju, T.N., Laxmi, Y.N.: Studies on Al6061-B4C metal matrix composites fabricated by stir casting process. SSRG Int. J. Mech. Eng. 4, 296–299 (2017)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mohanavel, V., Rajan, K., Senthil, P.V., Arul, S.: Mechanical behaviour of hybrid composite (AA6351 + Al2O3 + Gr) fabricated by stir casting method. Mater. Today: Proc. 4, 3093–3101 (2017)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.MCKV Institute of EngineeringLiluah, HowrahIndia
  2. 2.Jadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia

Personalised recommendations