Selection of Aluminum Hybrid Metal Matrix Composite Material Using Additive Ratio Assessment Approach and Comparing with the Experimental Results Varying Different Weight Percentage of the Reinforcements

  • Soutrik BoseEmail author
  • Titas Nandi
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Multidisciplinary Industrial Engineering book series (LNMUINEN)


Proper material selection is essential in manufacturing arena with superior product and cost-effectivity. This paper focuses on the multi-criteria approach namely additive ratio assessment (ARAS) for best material selection of a hybrid composite using aluminum (Al) and silicon carbide (SiC) with varying reinforcements like waste carbonized eggshells (WCE), cow dung ash (CDA), snail shell ash (SSA), and boron carbide (B4C) varying different reinforcement weights by stir casting. There is an increment in hardness, tensile, fatigue strength while decrement in fracture toughness, ductility and corrosion rate which gets improved by heat treatment. The optimum values obtained are 7.5 wt% of WCE and SiC + SSA, preheat temperature of WCE and SiC as 300 °C and 500 °C, respectively. WCE is obtained to be the best reinforcement both by ARAS and after experiments at the lowest cost than the other reinforcements.


ARAS Hybrid composite Corrosion rate Wettability Porosity 



Corrosion Rate


Exposed Area (cm2)


Exposure Time (hours)




Weight Loss (g)


Alloy Density (g/cm3)


Percent Porosity


Experimental Density


Theoretical Density


Brinell Hardness Number


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.MCKV Institute of EngineeringLiluah, HowrahIndia
  2. 2.Jadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia

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