Effect of Build Orientation on Mechanical Strength of FDM Printed PLA

  • Naushil H. PatadiyaEmail author
  • Harshit K. Dave
  • Shilpesh R. Rajpurohit
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Multidisciplinary Industrial Engineering book series (LNMUINEN)


Fused Deposition Modeling is one of the widely used extrusion-based additive manufacturing technique. FDM is widely used to create prototypes with any complexity. The application of FDM can also be extended for the rapid manufacturing application. The application of FDM may be restricted due to anisotropy in mechanical properties of the printed part. The mechanical performance of the FDM printed part is influenced by several process parameters. In the present investigation effect of the build orientations on the mechanical properties of the printed part have been investigated. Three build orientations X (Flat), Y (on edge) and Z (upright) have been considered to measure their influence on the mechanical strength of the printed PLA part. Analysis of result revealed that part printed in X direction has higher tensile and impact strength over the part printed in Y and Z direction. Further, it is also observed that the fracture pattern is also significantly affected by the build orientation. Inter-layer failure mode has been observed with x and y orientated specimen while trans-layer failure mode has been observed for z-orientated specimen.


Additive manufacturing (AM) Fused deposition modeling (FDM) Polylactic acid (PLA) Build orientation Tensile strength Impact strength 


  1. 1.
    Chua, C.K., Leong, K.F. 3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing: Principles and Applications of Rapid Prototyping. World Scientific Publishing Co Inc. (2014)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gibson, I., Rosen, D.W., Stucker, B.: Additive Manufacturing Technologies. Springer, New York (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Durgun, I., Ertan, R.: Experimental investigation of FDM process for improvement of mechanical properties and production cost. Rapid Prototyping J. 20(3), 228–235 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Qattawi, A., Alrawi, B., Guzman, A.: Experimental optimization of fused deposition modelling processing parameters: a design-for-manufacturing approach. Procedia Manuf. 10, 791–803 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Dawoud, M., Taha, I., Ebeid, S.J.: Mechanical behaviour of ABS: an experimental study using FDM and injection moulding techniques. J. Manuf. Processes 21, 39–45 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Uddin, M.S., Sidek, M.F.R., Faizal, M.A., Ghomashchi, R., Pramanik, A.: Evaluating mechanical properties and failure mechanisms of fused deposition modeling acrylonitrile butadiene styrene parts. J. Manuf. Sci. Eng. 139(8), 081018 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Song, Y., Li, Y., Song, W., Yee, K., Lee, K.Y., Tagarielli, V.L.: Measurements of the mechanical response of unidirectional 3D-printed PLA. Mater. Des. 123, 154–164 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wang, L., Gramlich, W.M., Gardner, D.J.: Improving the impact strength of Poly (lactic acid) (PLA) in fused layer modeling (FLM). Polymer 114, 242–248 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Garg, A., Bhattacharya, A., Batish, A.: Chemical vapor treatment of ABS parts built by FDM: analysis of surface finish and mechanical strength. Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 89(5–8), 2175–2191 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lanzotti, A., Grasso, M., Staiano, G., Martorelli, M.: The impact of process parameters on mechanical properties of parts fabricated in PLA with an open-source 3-D printer. Rapid Prototyping J. 21(5), 604–617 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringSardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of TechnologySuratIndia

Personalised recommendations