Energy Consumption of Welding-Based Additively Manufactured Materials

  • Nandhini RajuEmail author
  • G. Balaganesan
  • Gurunathan Saravana Kumar
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Multidisciplinary Industrial Engineering book series (LNMUINEN)


The objective of this study is to determine a detailed energy model for Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW), Manual Metal Arc Welding (MMAW) processes and comparing energy consumptions of both techniques for additively manufactured rectangular blocks. Energy consumption as function of time and power calculated for Mild steel- MS-ER70, MS-E6013, stainless steel SS-ER347, SS-E308L-16, AlSi-3 ER4043 rectangular solids manufactured by welding-based additive manufacturing. Qualitatively it is known that GMAW takes less energy comparing MMAW process. However, tools and dataset to quantitatively determine energy consumption of each step of GMAW, MMAW additively manufactured materials has been missing. Energy consumption is divided for pre-processing, WAAM process, post-processing. Even each of this process demanded energy input also traced. Comparisons of both energy values with carbon foot print and considerable parameters are discussed in detail.


Additive manufacturing Welding Wire arc additive manufacturing Energy consumption 



Additive Manufacturing




Fused Deposition Modeling


Electron Beam Melting


Direct Metal Laser Sintering


Laser Engineered Net Shaping


Powder Bed Fusion


Direct Energy Deposition


Wire Arc Additive Manufacturing


Tungsten Inert Gas welding


Manual Metal Arc Welding


Gas Metal Arc Welding


Tandem Gas Metal Arc Welding


Friction Stir Welding



Author would like to thank Senior Technician Mr. Muthurajan and his team, Mr. Rajesh for their timely support during experiments at Central workshop, Indian Institute of Technology Madras.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Digital Manufacturing and Design, Singapore University of Technology and DesignSingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology JammuJammuIndia
  3. 3.Department of Engineering DesignIndian Institute of Technology MadrasChennaiIndia

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