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Energy Consumption of Welding-Based Additively Manufactured Materials

  • Nandhini RajuEmail author
  • G. Balaganesan
  • Gurunathan Saravana Kumar
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Multidisciplinary Industrial Engineering book series (LNMUINEN)

Abstract

The objective of this study is to determine a detailed energy model for Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW), Manual Metal Arc Welding (MMAW) processes and comparing energy consumptions of both techniques for additively manufactured rectangular blocks. Energy consumption as function of time and power calculated for Mild steel- MS-ER70, MS-E6013, stainless steel SS-ER347, SS-E308L-16, AlSi-3 ER4043 rectangular solids manufactured by welding-based additive manufacturing. Qualitatively it is known that GMAW takes less energy comparing MMAW process. However, tools and dataset to quantitatively determine energy consumption of each step of GMAW, MMAW additively manufactured materials has been missing. Energy consumption is divided for pre-processing, WAAM process, post-processing. Even each of this process demanded energy input also traced. Comparisons of both energy values with carbon foot print and considerable parameters are discussed in detail.

Keywords

Additive manufacturing Welding Wire arc additive manufacturing Energy consumption 

Nomenclature

AM

Additive Manufacturing

SLA

Stereolithography

FDM

Fused Deposition Modeling

EBM

Electron Beam Melting

DMLS

Direct Metal Laser Sintering

LENS

Laser Engineered Net Shaping

PBF

Powder Bed Fusion

DED

Direct Energy Deposition

WAAM

Wire Arc Additive Manufacturing

GTAW/TIG

Tungsten Inert Gas welding

MMAW

Manual Metal Arc Welding

GMAW/MIG

Gas Metal Arc Welding

TGMAW

Tandem Gas Metal Arc Welding

FSW

Friction Stir Welding

Notes

Acknowledgement

Author would like to thank Senior Technician Mr. Muthurajan and his team, Mr. Rajesh for their timely support during experiments at Central workshop, Indian Institute of Technology Madras.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Digital Manufacturing and Design, Singapore University of Technology and DesignSingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology JammuJammuIndia
  3. 3.Department of Engineering DesignIndian Institute of Technology MadrasChennaiIndia

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