Effect of Test Conditions on Tribological Behavior of NiTi–TiN-Coated Ti–6Al–4V Alloy Fabricated by TIG Cladding Method

  • Abhratej Sahoo
  • Dipak Tanaji Waghmare
  • Arti Sahu
  • Manoj MasantaEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Multidisciplinary Industrial Engineering book series (LNMUINEN)


Ti–6Al–4V alloy is a versatile material widely used in aerospace, chemical, and marine industries owing to its properties like lightweight, high strength, and corrosion resistant. However, the alloy lacks inadequate hardness and wear resistance to ensure a long product life for its applications. In this study, the Ti–6Al–4V alloy was coated with a metal matrix composite coating that consists of NiTi and TiN by TIG cladding process, and the wear behavior of the coated specimen was studied by conducting a pin-on-disk type tribological wear test. The effect of the sliding speed (by altering the rotational the speed of the disk) and the normal load applied on the wear or height loss of the pin-shaped-coated sample, and the coefficient of friction were studied. It was found that within the experimental domain, the produced NiTi–TiN coating is suitable for application in high load—lower speed and medium load—high-speed combinations.


NiTi–TiN coating Sliding wear Coefficient of friction TIG cladding 


  1. 1.
    Dinesh, G.B., Melanie, K., Peter, J.B.: Effects of combined diffusion treatments and cold working on the sliding friction and wear behavior of Ti–6Al–4V. Wear 302, 837–844 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mao, Y.S., Wang, L., Chen, K.M., Wang, S.Q., Cui, X.H.: Tribo-layer and its role in dry sliding wear of Ti–6Al–4V alloy. Wear 297, 1032–1039 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Guo, C., Zhou, J.S., Chen, J.M., Zhao, J.R., Yu, Y.J., Zhou, H.D.: Improvement of the oxidation and wear resistance of pure Ti by laser cladding at elevated temperature. Surf. Coat. Technol. 205, 2142–2151(2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Weng, F., Chen, C., Yu, H.: Research status of laser cladding on titanium and its alloys: a review. Mater. Design 58, 412–425 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chiu, K.Y., Cheng, F.T., Man, H.C.: Laser cladding of austenitic stainless steel using NiTi strips for resisting cavitation erosion. Mater. Sci. Eng. A 402, 126–134 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Buehler, W.J., Wang, F.E.: A summary of recent research on the Nitinol alloys and their potential application in ocean engineering. Ocean Eng. 1, 105–120 (1968)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cheng, F.T., Lo, K.H., Man, H.C.: NiTi cladding on stainless steel by TIG surfacing process: Part I. Corrosion behavior. Surf. Coat. Technol. 172, 316–321 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Weng, F., Yu, H., Chen, C., Liu, J., Zhao, L: Microstructures and properties of TiN reinforced Co-based composite coatings modified with Y2O3 by laser cladding on Ti6Al4V alloy. J. Alloys Compd. 650, 178–184 (2015)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sahoo, C.K., Soni, L., Masanta, M.: Evaluation of microstructure and mechanical properties of TiC/TiC steel composite coating produced by gas tungsten arc (GTA) coating process. Surf. Coat. Technol. 307, 17–27 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Tijo, D., Das, A.K., Masanta, M.: In-situ TiC-TiB2 coating on Ti-6Al-4V alloy by tungsten inert gas (TIG) cladding method: Part-I. Microstructure evolution. Surf. Coat. Technol. 344, 541–552 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologyRourkelaIndia

Personalised recommendations