Advertisement

Effect of Tool Material on Trepanning of CFRP Composites

  • B. R. Jayasuriya
  • A. Harsha Vardhan
  • V. KrishnarajEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Multidisciplinary Industrial Engineering book series (LNMUINEN)

Abstract

The primary objective of this work is to compare the effect of tool material during trepanning of woven CFRP composites. Composites are commonly used, especially, for their lightweight, stiffness, and strength. Trepanning is a machining operation especially performed for creating an effective hole in CFRP composites. The experiment is performed with two trepanning tools [polycrystalline diamond (PCD) and solid carbide tool (SC)] at different feed and spindle speed. The measured parameters such as thrust force and torque of the tool are measured using dynamometer, and the acoustic emission signal is obtained using AE sensor for analysis. The acoustic emission (AE) indicates the crack propagation occurred during trepanning of CFRP composites. The voltage obtained is high when the shearing of last ply occurs (post-delamination occurs). It is found that the PCD tool material has higher magnitude of thrust force compared to carbide tool material. The delamination factor obtained indicates that the increasing feed increases the delamination factor. The delamination factor is less with the usage of PCD tool at low feed compared to the solid carbide tool. It is found that, the delamination factor can be controlled by using suitable tool material and machining parameters such as spindle speed and feed. Thus, the amount of delamination is found to be small with PCD tool compared to the solid carbide and less feed and high spindle speed is recommended for good dimensional accuracy of hole.

Keywords

Carbon fiber-reinforced composite Trepanning Delamination Acoustic emission 

References

  1. 1.
    Mathew, J., Ramakrishnan, N., Naik, N.K.: Investigations into the effect of geometry of a trepanning tool on thrust and torque during drilling of GFRP composites. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 91, 1–11 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mathew, J., Ramakrishnan, N., Naik, N.K.: Trepanning on unidirectional composites: delamination studies. Composites: Part A 30, 951–959 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Shetty, N., Herbert, M.A., Shetty, D.S., Shetty, R., Shivamurthy, B.: Effect of process parameters on delamination, thrust force and torque in drilling of carbon fiber epoxy composite. Res. J. Recent Sci. 2(8), 47–51 (2013). ISSN 2277-2502Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Tsao, C.C., Hocheng, H.: Taguchi analysis of delamination associated with various drill bits in drilling of composite material. Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf 44, 1085–1090 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Herbert, M.A., Shetty, D., Vijay, G.S., Shetty, R.: Evaluation of drilling induced delamination of carbon fiber reinforced polymer composite using solid carbide drills. Eur. Sci. J. 10, 15 (2014). ISSN: 1857-7881 (Print) e-ISSN 1857-7431Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kanagaraju, T., Alfred Tennyson, M., Anoop, A.G., Balachandran, A., Edison Power Singh, P. (2016) Influence of delamination factor in drilling of carbon fibre reinforced composite. Int. J. Adv. Res. Trends Eng. Technol. (IJARTET) 3(19)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Marques, A.T., Durão, L.M., Magalhães, A.G., Silva, J.F., Tavares, J.M.R.: Delamination analysis of carbon fibre reinforced laminates. In: 16th International Conference on Composite MaterialsGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Velu, G.K., Shanmugasundaram, S.M., Velu, C.: Delamination analysis using digital image processing by IMAGE J and LabVIEW for drilling on GFRP composite laminates. Int. J. Res. Appl. Sci. Eng. Technol. 3(IX), 342 (2015)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Chadha, V., Gupta, S., Singari, R.M.: Optimization of cutting parameters on delamination using Taguchi method during drilling of GFRP composites. In: Proceedings of the International Multi Conference of Engineers and Computer Scientists 2017, vol. II, IMECS (2017), 15–17 Mar 2017Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Miguel, P.D., Manuel, R.S., Albuquerque, V.H., Marques, S., Andrade, N.G.: Drilling damage in composite material. Materials 7, 3802–3819 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kim, G.W., Lee, K.Y.: Critical thrust force at propagation of delamination zone due to drilling of FRP/metallic strips. Compos. Struct. 69, 137–141 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Shetty, D., Rajat, A., Shetty, G., Patil, P.: The effect of machining parameters on drilling induced delamination of carbon fiber reinforced polymer composite. Int. J. Appl. Eng. Res. 12(19), 8286–8293 (2017). ISSN 0973-4562Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Satyanarayana, K.V., Krishna Prasad, D.V.V.: Optimization of drilling parameters for delamination factor in of hybrid fiber reinforced polymers. IJISET—Int. J. Innov. Sci. Eng. Technol. 3(6), 353 (2016)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Shetty, N., Herbert, M.A., Shetty, D.S., Shetty, R. and Murthy, B.R.N.: Investigation into the effects of process parameters on delamination during drilling of BD-CFRP composite using Taguchi design of experiments and response surface methodology. Int. J. Mech. Eng. Technol. (IJMET)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Yaşar, N., Günay, M.: The influences of varying feed rate on hole quality and force in drilling CFRP composite. J. Sci. GU J. Sci. 30(3), 39–50 (2017)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ragunath, S., Velmurugan, C., Kannan, T.: A review of influential parameters in drilling delamination on fiber reinforced polymer composites. Int. J. ChemTech. Res. 10(7), 298–303 (2017)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Tate, G.S., Shaikh, A.M., Mane, V.S.: Experimental and analytical investigation of drilling on GFRC material for enhancement of drilling quality: a review. IOSR J. Mech. Civil Eng. (IOSR-JMCE), 55–60Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Production EngineeringPSG College of TechnologyCoimbatoreIndia

Personalised recommendations