Advertisement

Experimental Investigation on Machining Parameters of Hastelloy C276 Under Different Cryogenic Environment

  • S. Vignesh
  • U. Mohammed IqbalEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Multidisciplinary Industrial Engineering book series (LNMUINEN)

Abstract

Materials with high strength and light in weight are in demand in high-precision manufacturing. Machining these materials becomes tedious in extreme cutting conditions where cutting fluids sometimes fail. Hence an alternate method of cooling is needed to replace the conventional coolant. This paper presents the effects of cryogenic coolants in turning of Hastelloy C276. This alloy finds its major applications in sophisticated applications like nuclear reactors, pressure vessels and heat exchangers. The present approach was carried out to develop a comparative study between two cryogenic coolants (liquid nitrogen and carbon dioxide). Experiments were performed using Taguchi L9 orthogonal technique, and the parameters considered were speed, feed rate and depth of cut. Better output in terms of surface finish was observed in liquid nitrogen when compared to carbon dioxide.

Keywords

Hastelloy C276 Cryogenic coolants Surface roughness 

References

  1. 1.
    Jawahir, I.S., Puleob, D.A., Schoopa, J.: Cryogenic machining of biomedical implant materials for improved functional performance, life and sustainability. Sci. Dir. Proc. CIRP 46, 7–14 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Pereira, O., Rodriguez, A., Barrerio, J.: Cryogenic and minimum quantity lubrication for an eco-efficiency turning of AISI 304. J. Clean. Prod. 139, 440–449 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hong, S.Y., Markus, I., Jeong, W.: New cooling approach and tool life improvement in cryogenic machining of titanium alloy Ti–6Al–4V. Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf. 41, 2245–2260 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Umbrello, D., Micari, F., Jawahir, I.S.: The effects of cryogenic cooling on surface integrity in hard machining: a comparison with dry machining. CIRP ANNALS 61(1), 103–106 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ghosh R, Zurechi Z, Frey JH (2003) Cryogenic machining with brittle tools and effects on tool life. In: ASME 2003 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, pp 853–865Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ezugwu, E.O.: Key improvements in the machining of difficult-to-cut aerospace superalloys. Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf 45, 1353–1367 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Stoic, A., Lucic, M., Kopac, J.: Evaluation of the stability during hard turning. J. Mech. Eng. 52(11), 723–737 (2006)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Tanaji, K., Jada, D.B.: Enhancement of surface finish for CNC turning cutting parameters by using Taguchi method. Indian J. Res. 3(5), 88–91 (2013)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Shokrani, A., Dhokia, V., Newman, S.T.: Investigation of the effects of cryogenic machining on surface integrity in CNC end milling of Ti–6Al–4 V titanium alloy. J. Manuf. Process. 21, 172–179 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kaynak, Y., Lu, T., Jawahir, I.: Cryogenic machining-induced surface integrity: a review and comparison with dry, MQL, and flood-cooled machining. Machin. Sci. Technol. 18(2), 149–198 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Paul, N.E.E., Marimuthu, P., Venkatesh Babu, R.: Machining parameter setting for facing En8 steel with TNMG insert. Am. Int. J. Res. Sci. Technol. Eng. Math. 3(1), 87–92 (2013)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Nagnath, P.S., Pimpal Gaonkar, D.S., Laxman Rao, A.S.: Optimization of process parameters in CNC turning machine. In: 10th IRAJn International Conference, 27th October 2013, Tirupati, India. ISBN: 978-93-82702-368 (2013)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mia, M., Dhar, N.R.: Optimization of surface roughness and cutting temperature in high-pressure coolant-assisted hard turning using Taguchi Method. Int. J. Manuf. Technol.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-016-8810-2 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kramar, D., Kopac, J.: The high performance manufacturing aspect of hard-to-machine materials. J. Adv. Prod. Eng. Manag. (APEM) 1–2, 3–14 (2009)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Dilip Jerold, B., Pradeep Kumar, M.: Experimental comparison of carbon-dioxide and liquid nitrogen cryogenic coolants in turning of AISI 1045 steel. Cryogenics 52, 569–574 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and TechnologySRM Institute of Science and TechnologyChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and TechnologySRM Institute of Science and TechnologyChennaiIndia

Personalised recommendations