Cryogenic Machining of AZ31B Magnesium Alloy for Bio-implant Applications

  • Vaibhav Tibrewal
  • Kalpit Dak
  • Aundhe Himanshu
  • Hema Kumar
  • P. Kuppan
  • A. S. S. BalanEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Multidisciplinary Industrial Engineering book series (LNMUINEN)


Magnesium and its alloys are slowly entering into the field of bio-implants as a substitute to currently used materials because of their mechanical properties and physiological benefits. However, the magnesium alloys corrode much before than the bone is fully healed because of their high corrosion rate in physiological environment of body. In this experiment, AZ31B magnesium alloy has been subjected to turning operation under dry and cryogenic environment. This research is an attempt to study the effects of cutting speed and feed rate on forces, surface roughness, temperature and microstructure. Furthermore, a comparative study is done on the effects of machining environment on these factors. The results show that a combination of high cutting speed and low feed rate with cryogenic environment gives the best surface finish.


Bio-implants Surface roughness Turning Cryogenic environment Chip morphology 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vaibhav Tibrewal
    • 1
  • Kalpit Dak
    • 1
  • Aundhe Himanshu
    • 1
  • Hema Kumar
    • 1
  • P. Kuppan
    • 1
  • A. S. S. Balan
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Mechanical EngineeringVellore Institute of TechnologyVelloreIndia
  2. 2.Centre for Innovative Manufacturing ResearchVellore Institute of TechnologyVelloreIndia

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