Since 1980s, several important science programs were proposed to address the fundamental physical processes of the sun, its interaction with Earth and the solar system, which include International Solar-Terrestrial Physics (ISTP) Program, Living With a Star (LWS) Program, and Solar Terrestrial Probes (STP) Program. ISTP is an international cooperation program led by NASA, ESA as well as ISAS, and its primary missions include ACE, Wind, SOHO, Geotail, Cluster, GOES, LANL, etc. LWS and STP are two strategic programs of NASA in the new century. The primary missions in the LWS Program are SDO, Van Allen Probes, BARREL, Solar Probe Plus, Solar Orbiter, etc. And the primary missions in the STP Program are TIMED, MMS, Solar-B, STEREO, etc.
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