Background and Motivation

Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)


The earliest awareness of the existence of geomagnetic field lines was due to the advent of compass, a navigation instrument intended by Chinese that points north or south. Until 1600, William Gilbert gave the explanation to the principle of compass in his published work. In the early nineteenth century, magnetometers were widely spaced to form a network for the magnetic field measurements on the Earth’s surface. C. F. Gauss was one of leaders of this project and made enormous contributions to the mathematical analysis of Earth’s magnetic field. The next great advance was the discovery of the link between solar and geomagnetic activities in the late nineteenth century by Richard Carrington and other scientists.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Earth and Space SciencesPeking UniversityBeijingChina

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