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Psychological Treatment for Depressive Disorder

  • Xiaobai LiEmail author
  • Qi Wang
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1180)

Abstract

Depression is highly prevalent and causes unnecessary human suffering and economic loss. Therefore, its treatment and prevention are of utmost importance. There are several advantages of using psychotherapy either by itself or combined with pharmacological treatment methods in the treatment of depression. First, it is well known that combining biological treatment with psychosocial methods increases the chances of recovery. Second, in some individuals, psychotherapy continues to be the only solution. Third, the use of antidepressants contains some safety risks and side effects, but psychotherapy does not. Fourth, clinically, depressive patients prefer psychotherapy to drug therapy. Use of a depression-focused psychotherapy alone is recommended as an initial treatment choice for patients with mild to moderate depression, with clinical evidence supporting the use of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT), psychodynamic psychotherapy (PDP), and problem-solving therapy (PST) in individual and group formats. Important developments took place within the past 20 years in the psychotherapy of depression. In the present chapter, we introduced several key issues, such as, Are all psychotherapies equally effective? Who benefits from psychotherapies? Is telepsychotherapy effective? Finally, we introduce the psychotherapy for special populations.

Keywords

Depression Psychotherapy Antidepressants 

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Department of Psychiatry, The First Hospital of China Medical UniversityShenyangChina

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