Nanoparticles Synthesis and Nanotechnological Applications of Sapindus Species
Nanotechnology is an interdisciplinary area of research taking advantage of central techniques used in various disciplines like biological sciences, chemistry, physics and engineering. Nanotechnology develops a novel strategy to operate minute particles resulting in the production of nanoparticles (NPs). Nanotechnology deals with the synthesis, development and applications of a variety of NPs. These NPs ranges 1–100 nm in dimension. Initially, NPs are produced via physical and chemical methods. A decade ago, several other methods have been developed for the synthesis of NPs. Among these new biological methods, plant-based biosynthesis of NPs is considered as a prime technique due to easy availability and the diverse nature of plants. The plant-based synthesized NPs have great importance because they have definite size and shape, as well as specific composition. Furthermore, for the biosynthesis of NPs, the wide range of phytochemicals present in plant extracts can be utilized in green synthesis method as the natural stabilizing and reducing agents. Plant-derived NPs are less harmful side effects to the human beings when compared to chemically synthesized NPs. These NPs showed high biological potential with applications in various fields such as agriculture, food science and technology, cosmetic, nanomedicine and health care sector.
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