Indoor Thermal Environment and Cardiovascular Diseases

  • Keigo SaekiEmail author
  • Kenji Obayashi
Part of the Current Topics in Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine book series (CTEHPM)


First, we describe the importance of indoor thermal environment in terms of prevention from cardiovascular diseases based on the seasonal change of mortality, and the estimated burden of cold and heat-related mortality estimated by recently developed distributed lag nonlinear model. Second, we discuss the critical factors associated with the control of indoor thermal environments such as heating, insulation, and behavior. Finally, we review the existing evidence about the association between indoor temperature and health outcomes related to cardiovascular diseases.


Winter excess mortality Cold-related mortality Heat-related mortality Time series analysis Lag time analysis Indoor thermal environment 



Excess winter death index


Distributed lag nonlinear model


Minimum mortality temperature


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EpidemiologyNara Medical University School of MedicineNaraJapan

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