Diversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Flora of the Kashmir Himalaya

  • Aijaz Hassan Ganie
  • Bilal A. Tali
  • Irshad A. NawchooEmail author
  • Anzar A. Khuroo
  • Zafar A. Reshi
  • Ghulam Hassan Dar
Part of the Topics in Biodiversity and Conservation book series (TOBC, volume 18)


In the Kashmir Himalaya, 833 plant species, belonging to 378 genera in 112 families, are used as medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs). In all, 749 (89.91%) species belong to dicotyledons, 66 (7.92%) to monocotyledons, 10 (1.20%) to gymnosperms, while 8 (0.96%) species belong to pteridophytes. The family Asteraceae has the largest number of 126 MAP species. In total, 709 (85.14%) species are herbs, 59 (7.06%) shrubs, 31 (3.71%) sub-shrubs, and 34 (3.60%) trees. Most of these species (818) inhabit terrestrial habitats; however, 10 are aquatic and some are parasitic herbs. The MAPs are used either as whole plant or its parts to treat more than 50 types of diseases in human beings and livestock. Some of the medicinal plants are used to treat more than one disease; likewise, more than one medicinal plant may be used to treat a particular disease. MAPs are distributed in temperate, subalpine and alpine regions, within an altitudinal range of 1580–4100 m asl. A large number of MAPs have been rendered endangered due to various anthropogenic threats operative in the region.


Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Ailments Ethno-medicine Kashmir Himalaya 



Authors are thankful to the Head, Department of Botany, University of Kashmir for providing necessary facilities. We highly acknowledge the financial support provided by the UGC-New Delhi to the Department of Botany, University of Kashmir under Special Assistance Programme (SAP).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aijaz Hassan Ganie
    • 1
  • Bilal A. Tali
    • 1
    • 2
  • Irshad A. Nawchoo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Anzar A. Khuroo
    • 3
  • Zafar A. Reshi
    • 2
    • 4
  • Ghulam Hassan Dar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of KashmirSrinagarIndia
  2. 2.Department of BotanyGovernment Degree CollegeBudgamIndia
  3. 3.Centre for Biodiversity and Taxonomy, Department of BotanyUniversity of KashmirSrinagarIndia
  4. 4.Biological Invasions Research Laboratory, Department of BotanyUniversity of KashmirSrinagarIndia

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