Advertisement

Greening Urban Politics: Conflicts Over Tree Felling in Warsaw

  • Renata Putkowska-SmoterEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Greenery in the city is an essential element of the urban ecosystem, have aesthetic value and is an important element of a urban landscape. Moreover, the rich history of conflicts over urban greenery, such as protests in Gezi Park in Istanbul or protests over former Berlin Tempelhof Airport, shows that urban nature can steer individuals to take environmental action. As such conflicts began to appear in various Polish cities more frequently, they brought questions about what drives people to preserve urban nature and to what extent those struggles can contribute to the ongoing critical analysis of urban politics towards complexity of environmental issues. Thus, the aim of this study is to analyse the broader socio-ecological contexts of 18 conflicts over tree felling that appeared in Warsaw in the years 2010–2017 and to look for a more universal pattern of these claims in the contemporary city.

References

  1. Allen, P. (2011). The End of Modernism? People’s Park, Urban Renewal, and Community Design. Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, 70(3), 354–374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Beck, U. (1992). Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity. New Delhi: Sage.Google Scholar
  3. Braverman, I. (2008). Everybody Loves Trees: Policing American Cities Through Street Trees. Duke Environmental Law & Policy Forum, 19(1), 81–118.Google Scholar
  4. Castells, M. (1983). The City and the Grassroots: A Cross-Cultural Theory of Urban Social Movements. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  5. Domaradzka, A. (2018). Urban Social Movements and the Right to the City: An Introduction to the Special Issue on Urban Mobilization. Voluntas, 29(4), 607–620.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dunlap, R. E., & Marshall, B. K. (2006). Environmental Sociology. In Clifton D. Bryant & Dennis L. Peck (Eds.), 21st Century Sociology: A Reference Handbook (Vol. 2, pp. 329–340). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  7. Fischer, F. (2000). Citizens, Experts, and the Environment: The Politics of Local Knowledge. Durham: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Gandy, M. (2006). Urban Nature and the Ecological Imaginary. In N. Heynen, M. Kaika, & E. Swyngedouw (Eds.), In the Nature of Cities: Urban Political Ecology and the Politics of Urban Metabolism (pp. 62–72). London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  9. Haaland, C., & van den Bosch, C. K. (2015). Challenges and Strategies for Urban Green-Space Planning in Cities Undergoing Densification: A Review. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 14(2015), 760–771.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Habermas, J. (1987). The Theory of Communicative Action, Vol. 2. Boston: Beacon Press.Google Scholar
  11. Harvey, D. (2008). The Right to the City. New Left Review, 53, 23–40.Google Scholar
  12. Heynen, N., Perkins H. A., & Roy P. (2006a). The Political Ecology of Uneven Urban Green Space: The Impact of Political Economy on Race and Ethnicity in Producing Environmental Inequality in Milwaukee. Urban Affairs Review, 42(1), 3–25.Google Scholar
  13. Heynen, N. C., Kaika, M., & Swyngedouw, E. (2006b). In the Nature of Cities: Urban Political Ecology and the Politics of Urban Metabolism. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  14. Hise, G. (2002). Industry and the Landscapes of Social Reform. In M. Dear (Ed.), From Chicago to L.A.: Making Sense of Urban Theory (pp. 95–130). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  15. Kaika, M., & Swyngedouw, E. (2014). Urban Political Ecology: Great Promises, Deadlock… and New Beginnings? Documents d’Anàlisi Geogràfica, 60(3), 459–481.Google Scholar
  16. Kapferer, J.-N. (2013). Rumors: Uses, Interpretations, & Images. New Brunswick: Transaction.Google Scholar
  17. Kohn, M. (2013). Privatization and Protest: Occupy Wall Street, Occupy Toronto, and the Occupation of Public Space in a Democracy. Perspectives on Politics, 11(1), 99–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lach, D. (1996). Introduction: Environmental Conflict. Sociological Perspectives, 39(2), 211–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lefebvre, H. (1996). The Right to the City. In E. Kofman & E. Lebas (Eds.), Writings on Cities: Henri Lefebvre (pp. 147–159). Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  20. Lewicki, R. J., McAllister, D. J., & Bies, R. J. (1998). Trust and Distrust: New Relationships and Realities. The Academy of Management Review, 23(3), 438–458.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Martínez, A. J. (2002). The Environmentalism of the Poor: A Study of Ecological Conflicts and Valuation. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (Program). (2005). Ecosystems and Human Well-Being. Washington, DC: Island Press.Google Scholar
  23. Morison, J. (2017). Citizen Participation: A Critical Look at the Democratic Adequacy of Government Consultations. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, 37(3), 636–659.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Mostafavi, M. (2010). Why Ecological Urbanism? Why Now? Harvard Design Magazine, 32.Google Scholar
  25. Ochrona drzew w procesach inwestycyjnych w miastach (inspection report). (2014). Najwyższa Izba Kontroli—Supreme Chamber of Control of the Republic of Poland (SCoC).Google Scholar
  26. Offe, C. (1985). New Social Movements: Challenging the Boundaries of Institutional Politics. Social Research, 52(4), 817–868.Google Scholar
  27. Robbins, P. (2012). Political Ecology: A Critical Introduction. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley.Google Scholar
  28. Sanders, J. C. (2008). The Battle for Fort Lawton: Competing Environmental Claims in Postwar Seattle. Pacific Historical Review, 77(2), 203–236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Selvelli, G. (2016). Inscribing a New Space. Written Expressions of Utopia and Resistance During the Gezi Park Protests in Istanbul. Etnološka Tribina, 46(39), 94–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Sörlin, S. (2013). Preservation in the Age of Entanglement STS and the History of Future Urban Nature. In D. Jørgensen, F. A. Jørgensen, S. B. Pritchard, & K. C. Armitage (Eds.), New Natures: Joining Environmental History with Science and Technology Studies (pp. 212–224). Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press.Google Scholar
  31. Swyngedouw, E. (2005). Urbanization and Environmental Futures: Politicizing Urban Political Ecologies. In T. A. Perreault, B. Gavin, & J. McCarthy (Eds.), Routledge Handbook of Political Ecology (pp. 609–619). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  32. Swyngedouw, E. (2006). Metabolic Urbanization: The Making of Cyborg Cities. In N. C. Heynen, M. Kaika, & E. Swyngedouw (Eds.), In the Nature of Cities: Urban Political Ecology and the Politics of Urban Metabolism (pp. 20–39). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  33. Swyngedouw, E. (2009). The Antinomies of the Postpolitical City: In Search of a Democratic Politics of Environmental Production. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 33(3), 601–620.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Philosophy and Sociology of the Polish Academy of SciencesWarsawPoland

Personalised recommendations