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Advanced Production Technologies of Legume Crops

Chapter

Abstract

Climate change (drought stress, water stress, rising temperatures, rising CO, and other GHG) is a rising threat of pests and disease that place a significant constraint on yields of various legume crops which small holder farmers, in particular, may struggle to overcome. Maximizing the production potential of legumes (climate smart plants) can contribute more significantly to human, and environmental security depends on associating the yield gap against environment of rapid climate change. The successful and critical solution may develop resilient legume varieties, demonstrating great potential in difficult conditions to combat with climate change and to enhance food security. The efforts in this admiration to breed lentils with vertical nodulation and nodule clusters are associated with high nitrogen fixation. Legume varieties of mung bean (Swat I & Swat II) with mature leaf concentration and pea varieties with waxy leaf surfaces can help to combat heat-stress. Legumes such as faba bean, Pigeonpea, chickpea, cowpea, field pea, lentil, greengram, blackgram, bean, and grasspea are grown in more than 120 countries across all the continents. In the current scenerio, it is very important to evaluate the progress of all legumes with additional efforts to screen germplasm for heat tolerance and disease-resistance. Almost all crops of human interest are having with advanced production technologies beyond their routine traditional production methods. Legume crops can contribute in alleviating hunger as well as malnutrition especially in the poorer countries. Fortunately legume crops need no special attention unlike rice wheat potato and most oil seeds. Also they can adapt to a wide range of soil and climate and demand very little nutrient and water management. Legumes can fix atmospheric nitrogen also. Legume production could be a great option economically, nutritionally, and ecologically.

Keywords

Legumes Mung bean Mash bean Pigeon pea Cowpea Chickpea Field pea Lentil Soybean 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AgronomyThe University of AgriculturePeshawarPakistan

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