Sustainable Development Goals: Role of Agriculture

  • R. S. Paroda
  • P. K. Joshi
Part of the South Asia Economic and Policy Studies book series (SAEP)


Irrespective of high economic growth the agriculture sector in India is at high risk due to various reasons. Agriculture is the major provider of livelihood for the poor, especially in rural areas. With the increasing vulnerability, the major challenges of the policymakers are to develop strategies to promote sustainable agriculture for achieving SDGs. In this context, there is urgent need to ensure reorientation of ongoing efforts toward higher efficiency and effectiveness of various initiatives for drawing a roadmap and develop a well-established sustainable model, which can also be shared with other developing countries. Thus, the chapter makes an attempt to analyze the causes of poverty and malnutrition and explores the use of technologies to overcome the productivity issues in agriculture. It captures various challenges and prospects for effective, sustainable and resilient agriculture. It also discusses issues relating to climate change and suggests ways to mitigate the same, particularly through the use of technologies. Lastly, the chapter assesses the role of various programs, policies and institutions in moving forward to achieve the targets of SDGs in India and makes specific recommendations.


Food security Land reforms Water management Sustainable agriculture 


  1. Bathla, S., Joshi, P. K., & Kumar, A. (2017). Revisiting investment and subsidies to accelerate agricultural income and alleviate poverty in India (p. 93). IFPRI Discussion paper. Washington, DC, USA: International Food Policy Research Institute.Google Scholar
  2. Birthal, P. S., Negi, D. S., & Devesh, R. (2017). Enhancing farmers’ income: Who to target and how? NIAP Policy Paper No 30. New Delhi, India: National Institute of Agricultural Economics and Policy Research.Google Scholar
  3. Deshpande, R. S., Hatti, N., & Jyotishi, A. (2004). Poverty in India: An institutional explanation. 18th European Conference on Modern South Asian Studies (SASNET), Lund, Sweden (6–9 July) ( Scholar
  4. Das, M., Sharma, A., & Babu, S. C. (2018). Pathways for agriculture-to-nutrition in India: Implications for sustainable development goals. Food Security, 10(6), 1561–1576. The science, sociology and economics of food production and access to food. The International Society for Plant Pathology. Springer.Google Scholar
  5. Pal, S. (Eds.). (2017). Agricultural research and development policy in India: The funding, institutions and impacts. ICAR-NIAP. New Delhi, India: National Institute of Agricultural Economics and Policy Research.Google Scholar
  6. Paroda, R. S., & Joshi, P. K. (Eds.). (2017). Proceedings of the National Conference on Sustainable Development Goals: India’s Preparedness and the Role of Agriculture. New Delhi, India, May 11–12, 2017. Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Trust for Advancement of Agricultural Sciences (TAAS) and International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). 48 pp.Google Scholar
  7. Pathak, H., Aggarwal, P. K., & Singh S. D. (Eds.). (2012). Climate change impact, adaptation and mitigation in agriculture: Methodology for assessment and application. New Delhi, India: Indian Agricultural Research Institute.
  8. Rampal, P. (2018). An analysis of protein consumption in India through plant and animal sources. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 39(4), 564–580.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Rangarajan, C., & Dev Mahendra, S. (2014). Counting the poor: Measurement and other issues. IGIDR Research Paper. Mumbai: Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, 20 pp.Google Scholar
  10. Shalander, K., Falk, T., & Whitbread, A. M. (2016). Pathways to sustainable intensification: Participatory designing of adopted farming system innovations, pp. 32–35. (
  11. Singh, S. K. (2017). Land degradation in India: Nature, extent and severity. Paper presented in National Conference on ‘Sustainable Development Goals: India’s Preparedness and the Role of Agriculture’, jointly organized by TAAS, ICAR and IFPRI on 11–12 May 2017, New Delhi.Google Scholar
  12. Singh, S. (2018, December). Reforming agricultural markets in India. Economic and Political Weekly, 53(51).Google Scholar
  13. Srinivasrao, C. (2018). Climate change and extreme climate events. The Andhra Agriculture Journal, 65, 253–259.Google Scholar
  14. Swain, M., & Kalamkar, S. S. (2016). Soil health card programme in Gujarat: Implementation, impacts and impediments. AERC Report No. 162. Anand, Gujarat: Agro-economic Research Center, Sardar Patel University, 117 pp.Google Scholar
  15. Wani, S. P., Chander, G., Sahrawat, K. L., Pal, D. K., Pathak, P., Pardhasaradhi, G., & Kamadi, P. J. (2016). Sustainable use of natural resources for crop intensification and better livelihoods in the rainfed semi-arid tropics of central India. NJAS-Wageningen Journal of Life Science, 78(Sep), 13–19.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. S. Paroda
    • 1
  • P. K. Joshi
    • 2
  1. 1.Trust for Advancement of Agricultural SciencesNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.International Food Policy Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations