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Seed Biopriming with Potential Microbial Inoculants as Sustainable Options for Stress Management in Crops

  • Ratna Prabha
  • Dhananjaya Pratap SinghEmail author
  • Sudheer K. Yadav
Chapter

Abstract

Biopriming of seeds represents standard approach for introduction of disease resistance via biocontrol agents. Priming of seeds with beneficial microorganisms and biocontrol agents has been reported more efficiently for the management of diseases and pests as compared to other available methodologies. The technique is also reported to stimulate cellular, molecular, and biochemical defense responses in plants toward resistance induction against abiotic stresses. Plants essentially live with microbial communities that colonize aerial parts as well as roots both externally (epiphytic) and internally (endophytic). By providing nutritional and defense-related support influencing distinct genetic cascades, biochemical pathways, and metabolite accumulation or excretion, microbes can fundamentally alter plant phenotypes and enable plants to tolerate stress conditions and at the same time enhance crop productivity. We discussed various techniques of seed biopriming as viable options for health management in crop plants and also presented case examples from rice fields.

Keywords

Microbial inoculants Seed biopriming Biocontrol Disease management Pest control Crop health 

Notes

Acknowledgments

RP is thankful to DST for financial support under DST-Women Scientist Scheme-B (KIRAN Program) (Grant No. DST/WOS-B/2017/67-AAS).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ratna Prabha
    • 1
  • Dhananjaya Pratap Singh
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sudheer K. Yadav
    • 1
  1. 1.ICAR-National Bureau of Agriculturally Important MicroorganismsMaunath BhanjanIndia

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