Background to Colonialism
This chapter, though brief, establishes important theoretical points featuring annotations from San Juan: (a) The state has aided the growth of mercantile capitalism in various ways including passing laws, providing subsidies, and lending its means of force that enhanced its national merchants’ chances in the global commerce; (b) the resolution of internal contradictions within the European society has been resolved in favor of the bourgeois class which nationalized the state, defining categories of citizenship based on the requirements of the capitalist division of labor; and (c) in the colonies, this division of labor became based on institutional racism and racially based inequality. The legacies of these remain today.
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