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Enzymes for Degradation of Fusarium Mycotoxins

  • Md Shofiul Azam
  • Dianzhen Yu
  • Aibo WuEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The Fusarium mycotoxins are one of the agro-economically important toxins that seriously and frequently contaminate cereal-derived food and feedstuffs. The currently biological enzymes are widely applied in practice with ubiquitous acceptance for the desirably specific degradation of target mycotoxin contamination. Simultaneously, biotransformation of target mycotoxins by application with the specific enzyme is a suitable and practically favorable prevention measure. Major Fusarium mycotoxins studied in this section are the following: trichothecene, zearalenone, and fumonisins groups. The possible bi- or trifunctional enzymes for degrading various target mycotoxins are also first mentioned as the trend. This section also discussed various resources of these degradation enzymes. In the future perspective, as predicted, this enzymatic control measure needs to target the actual co-occurring mycotoxins to strengthen its industrial and economic importance. From this control strategy, especially through the large-scale application, cereal-derived food and feedstuffs will be obviously protected and will minimize the food loss to ensure food security. Ultimately, food safety problems will be somewhat resolved worldwide.

Keywords

Enzyme Control Contamination Degradation Transformation Mycotoxins 

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CAS Key Laboratory of Nutrition, Metabolism and Food Safety, Shanghai Institute of Nutrition and Health, Shanghai Institutes for Biological SciencesUniversity of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of SciencesShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China

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