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Introduction to Socioecological Dimensions of Infectious Diseases and Health in Southeast Asia

  • Serge MorandEmail author
  • Jean-Pierre Dujardin
  • Régine Lefait-Robin
  • Chamnarn Apiwathnasorn

Abstract

Global changes affect host-pathogen interactions, through the modification of the epidemiological environment (climate, land use, biodiversity), leading to new and sometimes unexpected risks. Epidemics, emergence and re-emergence of infectious diseases are outcomes of these changes, and they constitute serious global threats for health. Although some local emergences have a potential for global threat (i.e. SARS, avian influenza, etc.), most of infectious diseases affect rural and poor populations particularly in developing countries, which are particularly vulnerable to the consequences of global change. Southeast Asia is both a hotspot of infectious emerging diseases of potential global pandemics and of biodiversity, particularly at threat due to dramatic changes in land use (Morand et al. 2014). These may explain why international organizations, developmental agencies and non-governmental conservationist organizations have specially focused on Southeast Asia. Infectious diseases are still a major concern in most Southeast-Asian countries (Coker et al. 2011).

Keywords

Avian Influenza Fragmented Forest Global Threat Epidemiological Environment Burkholderia Pseudomallei 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Coker RJ, Hunter BM, Rudge JW, Liverani M, Hanvoravongchai P (2011) Emerging infectious diseases in Southeast Asia: regional challenges to control. Lancet 377(9765):599–609PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Morand S, Jittapalapong S, Supputamongkol Y, Abdullah MT, Huan TB (2014) Infectious diseases and their outbreaks in Asia-Pacific: biodiversity and its regulation loss matter. PLoS One 9(2):e90032PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Serge Morand
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jean-Pierre Dujardin
    • 2
  • Régine Lefait-Robin
    • 3
  • Chamnarn Apiwathnasorn
    • 4
  1. 1.CNRS ISEM – CIRAD AGIRsCentre d’Infectiologie Christophe Mérieux du LaosVientianeLao PDR
  2. 2.Institut de Recherches pour le DéveloppementIRD, UMR17 IRD-CIRAD INTERTRYPMontpellierFrance
  3. 3.Haut Conseil de la santé publiqueMinistère des affaires sociales et de la santéParisFrance
  4. 4.Department of Medical Entomology, Faculty of Tropical MedicineMahidol UniversityBangkokThailand

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