ICIPEG 2014 pp 291-302 | Cite as

Preservation of Marine Chemical Signatures in Upper Devonian Carbonates of Kinta Valley, Peninsular Malaysia: Implications for Chemostratigraphy

  • Haylay Tsegab Gebretsadik
  • Chow Weng Sum
  • Aaron W. Hunter
Conference paper

Abstract

The Kinta Limestone is an important Silurian to Permian age unit in the Western Belt of Peninsular Malaysia. Diagenetic alteration and thermal alteration, owing to adjacent igneous intrusion, have obscured many primary sedimentary features and primary geochemistry of the Kinta Limestone. Petrographic and geochemical analyses indicate, however, that some locations of this unit may contain textural and chemical indicators of primary marine properties. In particular, nearly pure limestones lacking dolomite and siliciclastic material, and having relatively low Mn/Sr values (1.83–3.14), suggest minor postdepositional alteration and likely preservation of original marine compositions. Those parts of the Kinta Limestone that are relatively unaltered by these criteria may be useful for assembling a data set with chronostratigraphic significance.

Keywords

Peninsular Malaysia Upper Paleozoic Carbonate Geochemical 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, South East Asia Carbonate Research Laboratory and International Association of Sedimentologists for financial support and R. P. Major for constructive criticism. We especially appreciate the cooperation and permission granted by Sime Darby Plantation for access to field sites.

References

  1. 1.
    Adams AE, MacKenzie WS (1998) A Color Atlas of Carbonate Sediments & Rocks Under the Microscope. Manson Publishing Limited, BarcelonaGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Boggs S (2009) Petrology of Sedimentary Rocks. 2 edn. Cambridge University Press,Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dong C (1999) PowderX: Windows-95-based program for powder X-ray diffraction data processing. Journal of Applied Crystallography 32 (4):838. doi:doi:10.1107/S0021889899003039
  4. 4.
    Emery D, Robinson A (1993) Inorganic Geochemistry: Application to Petroleum Geology. Blackwell Scientific Publications, MassachusettsGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Flügel E (2009) Microfacies of Carbonate Rocks: Analysis, Interpretation and Application. Springer,Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Fontaine H, Ibrahim BA (1995) Biostratigraphy of the Kinta Valley, Perak. Geological Society of Malaysia 38:159-172Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Foo KY The Paleozoic Sedimentary Rocks of Peninsular Malaysia-Stratigraphy and Correlation. In: Workshop on Stratigraphic Correlation of Thailand and Malaysia Thailand, 1983. Geological Society of Thailand, pp 1-19Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gebretsadik HT, Aaron W. Hunter, Chow Weng Sum, Pierson BJ Conodonts from the Sungai Siput limestone: its implication to establish a reference section for Paleozoic sequences and dating of the rocks, Perak, Malaysia. In: 3rd International Conference on the Paleontology of South East Asia, Ipoh, Malaysia, 2013. PETRONAS University of Technology (UTP) and the Geological Society of Malaysia (GSM)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hutchison CS (1968) Physical and Chemical Differentiation of West Malaysian Limestone Formations. Geological Society of Malaysia 1:45-56Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hutchison CS (1994) Gondwana and Cathaysian blocks, palaeotethys sutures and cenozoic tectonics in South-east Asia. Geologische Rundschau 83 (2):388-405. doi:10.1007/bf00210553
  11. 11.
    Ingham FT, Bradford EF (1960) The geology and Mineral Resources of the Kinta Valley. Geological Survey Headquarters, Perak, Ipoh,Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Jones CR (1973) The Geology and Mineral resources of the Girk Area, Upper Peark., vol 11. Geological survey West Malaysia district Memoir, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kaufman AJ, Knoll AH (1995) Neoproterozoic variations in the C-isotopic composition of seawater: stratigraphic and biogeochemical implications. Precambrian Research 73 (1–4):27-49. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0301-9268(94)00070-8
  14. 14.
    Lee CP (2009) Palaeozoic Stratigraphy. In: Hutchison CS, Tan DNK (eds) Geology of Peninsular Malaysia. Geological Society of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, pp 55-86Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lee CP, Mohd. SL, Kamaludin H, Bahari MN, Rashidah K (2004) Stratigraphic Lexicon of Malaysia. Geological Society of Malaysia:3-33Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Li D, Shields-Zhou GA, Ling H-F, Thirlwall M (2011) Dissolution methods for strontium isotope stratigraphy: Guidelines for the use of bulk carbonate and phosphorite rocks. Chemical Geology 290 (3–4):133-144. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2011.09.004
  17. 17.
    Metcalfe I (2000) The Bentong–Raub Suture Zone. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 18 (6):691-712. doi:10.1016/S1367-9120(00)00043-2
  18. 18.
    Metcalfe I (2013) Tectonic evolution of the Malay Peninsula. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences (0). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2012.12.011
  19. 19.
    Raj JK (2009) Geomorphology. In: Hutchison CS, Tan DNK (eds) Geology of Peninsular Malaysia. University of Malaya and Geological Society of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, pp 5-29Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Rastall R (1927) The Limestone of the Kinta Valley, Federated Malay States. Cambridge Univ Press,Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Roger AN (1971) characteristics of the Stanniferous Alluvium in the Southern Kinta Valley, West Malaysia. Geological Society of Malaysia 4:15-37Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ryan WBF, Carbotte SM, Coplan JO, O’Hara S, Melkonian A, Arko R, Weissel RA, Ferrini V, Goodwillie A, Nitsche F (2009) Global multi-resolution topography synthesis. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 10 (3):Q03014Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Savage HEF (1937) The Geology Of the Neighbourhood of Sungai Siput, Perak, Federated Malay States, With an Account of the Mineral Deposits Geological Survey Department Federated Malay States, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Schlager W (2005) Carbonate Sedimentology and Sequence Sstratigraphy. Concepts in Sedimentology and Paleontology, vol 8. SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology), Amsterdam, NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Scrivenor JB (1913) The Geological History of the Malay Peninsula. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society 69 (1-4):343-368,NP,369-371. doi:10.1144/gsl.jgs.1913.069.01-04.22
  26. 26.
    Scrivenor JB (1931) The geology of Malaya. Macmillan,Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Suntharalingam T (1968) Upper Palaeozoic Stratigraphy Of The Area West Of Kampar, Perak. Geological Society of Malaysia 1:1-15Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Tucker ME (ed) (1988) Techniques in Sedimentology. Blackwell Science Oxford EnglandGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Wong TW (1991) Geology and Mineral resources of the Lumut-Teluk Intan area, Perak Darul Ridzuan. Geological Survey Headquarters,Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Haylay Tsegab Gebretsadik
    • 1
  • Chow Weng Sum
    • 2
  • Aaron W. Hunter
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.South East Asia Carbonate Research Laboratory, Department of GeosciencesUniversiti Teknologi PETRONASTronohMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of GeosciencesUniversiti Teknologi PETRONASTronohMalaysia
  3. 3.Department of Applied GeologyWestern Australian School of Mines, Curtin UniversityPerthAustralia

Personalised recommendations