A Pilot Study: Effects of Aquatic and Land Spinal Stabilisation Training on the Management of Back Pain

  • Bashtiah Nahrul Khair
  • Rahmat AdnanEmail author
  • Hamid Ahmad
  • Norasrudin Sulaiman
  • Shariman Ismadi Ismail
Conference paper


The objective of this study was to determine the effects of aquatic spinal stabilisation training and land spinal stabilisation training on the management of back pain. This study use quasi-experimental crossover design which all subjects underwent both intervention treatments with one week of washout period. The patients managed to complete 12 sessions of both water- and land-based exercises in 6 weeks of intervention period. The pain level, functional status, deep abdominal muscle function, trunk flexibility, balance, and centre of vertical force of 4 chronic low back pain patients were assessed to achieve the stated objective. There was a significant difference in the pain level between post-land and post-aquatic spinal stabilisation training (z = −2, p < 0.05). The findings of this study indicated that aquatic spinal stabilisation training and land spinal stabilisation training decreases pain level and improves functional status, deep abdominal muscle function, and centre of vertical force. Both aquatic and land spinal stabilisation training demonstrated positive results in pain level, functional status, deep abdominal muscle function, and centre of vertical force.


Chronic back pain Aquatic spinal stabilisation training Land spinal stabilisation training Pain level Trunk flexibility Deep abdominal muscle function 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bashtiah Nahrul Khair
    • 2
  • Rahmat Adnan
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Hamid Ahmad
    • 1
  • Norasrudin Sulaiman
    • 2
    • 3
  • Shariman Ismadi Ismail
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Physiotherapy DepartmentTerendak Military HospitalMalaccaMalaysia
  2. 2.Faculty of Sports Science and RecreationUniversiti Teknologi MARAShah AlamMalaysia
  3. 3.Sports Science Center of StudiesUniversiti Teknologi MARAShah AlamMalaysia

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