Metacognitive Capability: The Superordinate Competence for the Twenty-First Century

  • Dennis SaleEmail author
Part of the Cognitive Science and Technology book series (CSAT)


This chapter argues that Metacognitive Capability is the Superordinate twenty-first century competency. While there is much reference to the 4 C’s of critical thinking, creativity/creative thinking, communication and collaboration, these are essentially no more than extended versions of first century skills. However, in a world of exponential knowledge, but with a brain perfectly equipped for the world of primitive life in centuries past, we are increasingly suffering from cognitive overload and strain. No matter what we do pedagogically, we cannot solve the knowledge explosion with a stone-age brain. We must develop the capability to think, learn and self-regulate better. Metacognitive Capability—as framed here—is the unique human quality that can best help us deal with the challenges of modern life, as well as maintain positive well-being. The chapter extensively unpacks the components of metacognition, how they work in terms of psychological functioning and, most importantly, how to  use pedagogic strategies that can develop this capability to optimal levels.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Singapore PolytechnicSingaporeSingapore

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