Masculine Cult and Territorial Control: “Premanisme” in Javanese Urban Areas, Indonesia

  • Bagoes Wiryomartono


Masculine potentiality is human nature. What is the relationship between the practice of territorial control and masculine cult from this perspective? The question leads this study to unfold and divulge the social behavior of aggression and struggle for hegemony. This study argues that the necessity for territorial control is human nature, but its practice is necessarily within the framework of the socially ordering system in terms of law and order. In the Javanese context, the practice of masculine cult has been likely acute and hinders the supremacy of law and order in urban public spaces. As far as masculine supremacy is concerned, territorial control becomes the stake of struggle for such a hegemony that involves violence and extortion. The aim of this study is to examine and dismantle the phenomenon of premanisme from the perspective of human nature.


Masculine cult Premanisme Territorial control Urban crime 


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© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bagoes Wiryomartono
    • 1
  1. 1.Independent ScholarTorontoCanada

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