Towards Developing an IoT Based Gaming Application for Improving Cognitive Skills of Autistic Kids

  • Uzma HasanEmail author
  • Md. Fourkanul Islam
  • Muhammad Nazrul Islam
  • Sifat Bin Zaman
  • Shaila Tajmim Anuva
  • Farhana Islam Emu
  • Tarannum Zaki
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 1178)


With the advancement of technology, a wide range of automated tools are now used to teach children with autism. One of the widely used therapies for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) training that focuses on improving a wide range of behaviours like communication, adaptive learning skills, social skills and a variety of motor skills. Thus, the objective of this article is to design and develop a gaming application for autistic children for improving their cognitive skills. The Internet of Things (IoT) and ABA techniques were adopted to develop the gaming application that consists three games including a puzzle game, an object finding game and a road crossing game. The cognitive development (in terms of gaming scores) of a child over the time can be stored and analyzed using this application. A light-weighted evaluation study was carried out; and found that the proposed gaming application is usable, effective and useful for autistic kids to improve their cognitive skills.


Autism Spectrum Disorder Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) Cognitive skill Learning tool Internet of Things RFID Sensors 


  1. 1.
    What is autism? Accessed 06 Aug 2019
  2. 2.
    Autism: Signs and symptoms. Accessed 01 Sept 2019
  3. 3.
    Data & Statistics on Autism Spectrum Disorder — CDC. Accessed 16 Aug 2019
  4. 4.
    Bakhtiari, R., et al.: Differences in white matter reflect atypical developmental trajectory in autism: a tract-based spatial statistics study. NeuroImage Clin. 1(1), 48–56 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wodka, E.L., Mathy, P., Kalb, L.: Predictors of phrase and fluent speech in children with autism and severe language delay. Pediatrics 131(4), e1128–e1134 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Omar, K.S., Mondal, P., Khan, N.S., Rizvi, Md.R.K., Islam, M.N.: A machine learning approach to predict autism spectrum disorder. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Electrical, Computer and Communication Engineering 2019, pp. 1–6. IEEE (2019)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hasan, N., Islam, M.N.: Exploring the design considerations for developing an interactive tabletop learning tool for children with autism spectrum disorder. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Computer Networks, Big Data and IoT – 2019, pp. 1–12. Springer (2019)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Castillo, T.A., et al.: Authic: computational tool for children with autistic spectrum disorder. In: 2016 International Symposium on Computers in Education (SIIE), pp. 1–6. IEEE (2016)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hwang, B., Hughes, C.: The effects of social interactive training on early social communicative skills of children with autism. J. Autism Dev. Disord. 30(4), 331–343 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Daud, S.N.S.C., Maria, M., Shahbodin, F., Ahmad, I.: Assistive technology for autism spectrum disorder: a review of literature, October 2018Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Goldsmith, T.R., LeBlanc, L.A.: Use of technology in interventions for children with autism. J. Early Intensive Behav. Interv. 1(2), 166 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Parsons, S., Guldberg, K., Porayska-Pomsta, K., Lee, R.: Digital stories as a method for evidence-based practice and knowledge co-creation in technology-enhanced learning for children with autism. Int. J. Res. Method Educ. 38(3), 247–271 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Knight, V., McKissick, B.R., Saunders, A.: A review of technology-based interventions to teach academic skills to students with autism spectrum disorder. J. Autism Dev. Disord. 43(11), 2628–2648 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bartoli, L., Corradi, C., Garzotto, F., Valoriani, M.: Exploring motion-based touchless games for autistic children’s learning. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Interaction Design and Children, pp. 102–111. ACM (2013)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Parsons, S.: Learning to work together: designing a multi-user virtual reality game for social collaboration and perspective-taking for children with autism. Int. J. Child Comput. Interact. 6, 28–38 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Boucenna, S., et al.: Interactive technologies for autistic children: a review. Cogn. Comput. 6(4), 722–740 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Tanaka, J.W., et al.: Using computerized games to teach face recognition skills to children with autism spectrum disorder: the let’s face it! program. J. Child Psychol. Psychiatry 51(8), 944–952 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zaki, T., et al.: Towards developing a learning tool for children with autism. In: 2017 6th International Conference on Informatics, Electronics and Vision & 2017 7th International Symposium in Computational Medical and Health Technology (ICIEV-ISCMHT), pp. 1–6. IEEE (2017)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Islam, M.N., et al.: Autism Sohayika: a web portal to provide services to autistic children. In: Younas, M., Awan, I., Ghinea, G., Catalan Cid, M. (eds.) MobiWIS 2018. LNCS, vol. 10995, pp. 181–192. Springer, Cham (2018). Scholar
  20. 20.
    Silva, M.L.D., Gonçalves, D., Guerreiro, T., Silva, H.: A web-based application to address individual interests of children with autism spectrum disorders. Procedia Comput. Sci. 14, 20–27 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Islam, M.N., Hasan, A.M.S., Anannya, T.T., Hossain, T., Ema, M.B.I., Rashid, S.U.: An efficient tool for learning Bengali sign language for vocally impaired people. In: Awan, I., Younas, M., Ünal, P., Aleksy, M. (eds.) MobiWIS 2019. LNCS, vol. 11673, pp. 41–53. Springer, Cham (2019). Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringMilitary Institute of Science and Technology (MIST)DhakaBangladesh

Personalised recommendations