Contact Force Models for Granular Materials

  • Shunying JiEmail author
  • Lu Liu
Part of the Springer Tracts in Mechanical Engineering book series (STME)


In the discrete element method (DEM), each particle in the bulk material is considered to be an independent discrete element which has its own physical parameters (shape, density, size and et al.) and mechanical properties (elastic modulus, Poisson’s ratio and et al.). The interconnection and constraints between discrete particles are activated by contacts, which can fully reflect the discontinuity of granular materials. In DEM simulations, particles’ attributes, such as the position, velocity and angular velocity, are computed and stored at each time step. In sum, this method has the advantage of taking full account of the unique properties of each particle.


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© Science Press and Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Engineering MechanicsDalian University of TechnologyDalianChina
  2. 2.Department of Engineering MechanicsDalian University of TechnologyDalianChina

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