Open Educational Resources in Palestine
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The importance of Open Educational Resources (OERs) is increasing globally as well as in Arab countries. Its initiatives are broadened and awareness of its importance is growing. The importance of OERs for Palestinian peoples is greater than the rest of the world because it carries broad hopes and promising solutions to their major problems in education, such as scarcity of educational content and poor financial resources allocated to purchase it. The Palestinian education system is a good system and the adult literacy rate is high (91%), Palestinians are one of the most educated population in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. There is an increasing need for OERs in the sense of the need for content, where the access content requires big effort, expensive, and long time. While OERs can be obtained for free with little time and effort. The official Palestinian policies regarding OERs movement are modest and inadequate, in addition to a weak infrastructure controlled by Israel. At the university and institution level, there are efforts to change the reality, they need more work. While these universities and institutions have large published resources, but they need to change the policies and licenses of these resources in their digital libraries, databases, and repositories from closed access to open access. It is critical to carry out awareness campaigns on the importance of creating, using, and sharing OERs. Happily, there are Massive amounts of OERs that could be translated from other language into Arabic. In addition, these resources could be further enhanced and customized to meet the needs of Palestinian education.
KeywordsPalestinian territories Digital libraries Palestinian policies MOOCs of Palestine Arabic OERs
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