Open Educational Resources in Morocco

  • Imane Zaatri
  • Sofia Margoum
  • Rachid Bendaoud
  • Ilham Laaziz El Malti
  • Daniel Burgos
  • Khalid BerradaEmail author
Part of the Lecture Notes in Educational Technology book series (LNET)


In this chapter, we present an overview of the state of the art concerning the OER in Morocco, throughout some milestones that we consider to be the most significant. After putting into perspective the political and strategic aspects adopted to lead the Moroccan education system toward a more open pedagogy, we present the main achievements concerning infrastructures and aiming at the generalization of access to resources. We then present some key achievements both at school and university level.


OER Open licensing Open course Open education 



The authors would like to thank the European Commission for supporting the Erasmus + OpenMed project which was the start of structured actions in Open Education in Morocco since 2016. Special thanks are also given to UNIMED Italy, UNIR Spain and all OpenMed partners for their contribution and for sharing activities among the consortium. We are also very grateful to all colleagues at Moroccan universities, especially Professor Ahmed Al Makari, for supporting Open Education actions we were developing together in Morocco and for his support of the OER Morocco declaration.


  1. Berrada, K. (2018). Institutional Roadmap for Open Education. Report at Cadi Ayyad University.
  2. Berrada, K., Benelrhali, A., & Laaziz, I. (2019). An overview on teaching informatics/Computer science and ICT in Morocco at National education level. Retrieved from
  3. Burgos, D. (Ed.) (2017). Open Education Policy. UNIR: Logroño, La Rioja (Spain). Open Access from (English) and (español).
  4. Downes, S. (2007). Models for sustainable open educational resources. Interdisciplinary Journal of Knowledge and Learning Objects, 3. Retrieved from
  5. Elmasrar, K. (2015). The current university reforms in Morocco: The present situation of labour faculty of letters and human sciences. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 5(9), 182–188.Google Scholar
  6. Haut Commissariat au Plan. Le Maroc en chiffres 2018.
  7. Idrissi Jouicha, A., Berrada, K., Bendaoud, R., Machwate, S., Miraoui, A., & Burgos, D. (2020). Starting MOOCs in African University: The experience of Cadi Ayyad University, process, review, recommendations, and prospects. IEEE Access, 8, 17477–17488.Google Scholar
  8. Idrissi Jouicha, A., Margoum, S., Bendaoud, R., & Berrada, K. (2018). UC@MOOC's effectiveness by producing open educational resources. International Journal of Interactive Multimedia and Artificial Intelligence, 5(2). Google Scholar
  9. Jahn, N., & Tullney, M. (2016). A study of institutional spending on open access publication fees in Germany. PeerJ, 4, e2323.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kouam, M. (2006). – État d’avancement de la réforme au Maroc, in Actes de la rencontre des recteurs et présidents d’université des pays du Maghreb et des conférences francophones de l’union européenne intitulée vers un espace euro-maghrébin solidaire, des 1er et 2 décembre 2006 à Tunis.Google Scholar
  11. McAndrew, P. (2010). Defining openness: Updating the concept of ‘open’ for a connected world. Journal of Interactive Media in Education, 2010(10), 1–13.Google Scholar
  12. Schimmer, R., Geschuhn, K. K., & Vogler, A. (2015). Disrupting the subscription journals’ business model for the necessary large-scale transformation to open access. Max Planck Digital Library, Munich.
  13. UNESCO Final report. Forum on the Impact of Open Courseware for Higher Education in Developing Countries. UNESCO, Paris, 1–3 July 2002.
  14. UNESCO Paris OER Declaration. (2012). World Open Educational Ressources (OER) Congress, Paris.
  15. Wong, E. Y. (2017). e-Print Archive: arXiv. org. Technical Services Quarterly, 34(1), 111–113.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Imane Zaatri
    • 1
  • Sofia Margoum
    • 1
  • Rachid Bendaoud
    • 1
  • Ilham Laaziz El Malti
    • 3
  • Daniel Burgos
    • 2
  • Khalid Berrada
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Trans ERIE - Faculty of Sciences SemlaliaCadi Ayyad UniversityMarrakechMorocco
  2. 2.Research Institute for Innovation & Technology in Education (UNIR iTED)Universidad Internacional de La Rioja (UNIR)LogroñoSpain
  3. 3.Ministère de l’Education Nationale et de la Formation Professionnelle, de l’Enseignement Supérieur et de la Recherche ScientifiqueRabatMorocco

Personalised recommendations