Open Educational Resources and the Belt and Road Initiative
- 8 Downloads
With the rapid advance of technologies, new ways of learning have emerged. One of these ways is open learning using Open Educational Resources (OERs). Several researchers have then reported several advantages of using OER in learning. To further facilitate the OER adoption worldwide, several initiatives have been launched. One of these initiatives is the OER Belt & Road. Therefore, this chapter further explains the term OER and presents an OER framework of eight factors to be considered by researchers while discussing OER in their context. Finally, this chapter presents the Belt & Road initiative launched by China to further support OER adoption and use in the Belt & Road countries.
KeywordsOpen educational resources (OERs) Open education Belt & road initiative Policies
- Amiel, T., & Soares, T. C. (2016). Identifying tensions in the use of open licenses in OER repositories. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 17(3).Google Scholar
- Butcher, N., Kanwar, A., Uvalic ́-Trumbic ́, S. (2011). A basic guide to open educational resources (OER). Vancouver, Canada: Commonwealth of Learning, and Paris, France: UNESCO. Retrieved from https://www.col.org/oerBasicGuide.
- de Oliveira, M. R., Sant’Anna, I. B., Ramos, G. S., de Bona, L. C. E., Castilho, M. A., Del Fabro, M. D., & Todt, E. (2018). Open educational resources platform based on collective intelligence. In 2018 IEEE 4th International Conference on Collaboration and Internet Computing (CIC) (pp. 346–353).Google Scholar
- Ehlers, U. D. (2011). Extending the territory: From open educational resources to open educational practices. Journal of Open, Flexible, and Distance Learning, 15(2), 1–10.Google Scholar
- Havemann, L. (2016). Open educational resources. In M. A. Peters (Ed.) Encyclopedia of educational philosophy and theory: Living edition. Singapore: Springer Singapore. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-532-7_218-1.
- Hilton III, J., Bliss, T. J., Robinson, T. J., & Wiley, D. A. (2013). An OER COUP: College teacher and student perceptions of open educational resources. Journal of Interactive Media in Education.Google Scholar
- Koper, R. (2003). Combining reusable learning resources and services with pedagogical purposeful units of learning. In Reusing online resources (pp. 64–77). Routledge.Google Scholar
- McGreal, R. (2011). Open educational resource repositories: An analysis. In The 3rd Annual Forum on e-Learning Excellence, Dubai, UAE. Available at: https://elexforum.hbmeu.ac.ae/Proceeding/PDF/OpenEducationalResource.pdf.
- Ozdemir, O., & Bonk, C. (2017). turkish teachers' awareness and perceptions of open educational resources. Journal of Learning Development, 4(3), 307–321.Google Scholar
- Pomerantz, J., & Peek, R. (2016). Fifty shades of open. First Monday, 21(5).Google Scholar
- Wang, C., & Zhao, G. (2011). Open educational resources in the People’s Republic of China: Achievements, challenges and prospects for development. Retrieved October 2, 2013.Google Scholar
- Wiley. (n.d.). Accessed from: https://opencontent.org/definition/.
- Yawan, L., & Ying, L. (2013). A study on the use of open educational resources in China (pp. 21–39). Open Education Resources: An Asian Perspective.Google Scholar