Advertisement

Local Governance and Access to Urban Services: Conclusions and Policy Implications

  • Shabbir CheemaEmail author
Chapter
  • 23 Downloads
Part of the Advances in 21st Century Human Settlements book series (ACHS)

Abstract

Studies in this volume show that inclusive, participatory and sustainable urban service delivery and access require a set of policy and program responses: It is essential to distribute resources equitably to urban local governments and strengthen their planning and management capacity in order to enable them to perform their responsibilities. Institutional arrangements should be restructured to promote collaborative governance and stock-taking of functional gaps and overlaps among multiple agencies and departments located within a city. Participatory mechanisms should be provided for the engagement of civil society, local governments, citizen groups and other stakeholders in local decision-making processes. The need is for greater use of widely recognized instruments of accountability and transparency including participatory budgeting and right to information. One of the challenges of urban policy implementation is political and social inclusion and engagement of marginalized communities including women, youth, migrants, ethnic minorities and the urban poor in the structures and processes of local governance including access to urban land and housing through revised land use regulations, effective land density and mixed use, and housing finance and land titles reforms. Cities have been laboratories of experimentation, innovations and good practices to improve service delivery and access. Recent surveys have highlighted a number of innovations and good practices in cities in terms of their content, rationale and impact on urban residents. These need to be replicated. Information and communication technology (ICT) should be used to enhance quality, performance and interactivity of urban services; to reduce costs and resource consumption; and to improve contact between citizens and government. Finally, peri-urbanization is a critical issue in access to services for the urban poor. It requires an integrated planning and coordination of urban areas.

Keywords

Urban local government Urban services Planning and management capacity Accountability and transparency Innovation Gender Migrants ICT Participatory budgeting Peri-urbanization 

References

  1. Alberti A, Senese M (2020) Developing capacities for inclusive and innovative urban governance. In: Cheema S (ed) Governance for urban services: access, participation, accountability and transparency. Springer, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
  2. Björkdahl A, Somun-Krupalija L (2020) Gender equality for sustainable urban development: translating global ideas into local practices. In: Cheema S (ed) Governance for urban services: access, participation, accountability and transparency. Springer, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
  3. Blair H (2020) Accountability through participatory budgeting in India: only in Kerala? In: Cheema S (ed) Governance for urban services: access, participation, accountability and transparency. Springer, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
  4. Cheema GS, Rondinelli DA (2007) Decentralizing governance: emerging concepts and practice. Brookings Institution Press, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  5. Dahiya B, Gentry B (2020) Public-private partnerships to improve urban environmental services. In: Cheema S (ed) Governance for urban services: access, participation, accountability and transparency. Springer, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
  6. De Jong J, Monge F (2020) The state of access in cities: theory and practice in: Cheema S (ed) Governance for urban services: access, participation, accountability and transparency. Springer, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
  7. Goldsmith S, Crawford S (2014) The responsive city: engaging communities through data-smart governance. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  8. Javed N, Farhan K (2020) Access to urban services for political and social inclusion: the case of Pakistan. In: Cheema S (ed) Governance for urban services: access, participation, accountability and transparency. Springer, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
  9. Kundu D (2020) Political and social inclusion and local democracy in India: a tale of two cities. In: Cheema S (ed) Governance for urban services: access, participation, accountability and transparency. Springer, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
  10. Mo Ibrahim Foundation (2018) Ibrahim forum report: public service in Africa. MIF, London. http://s.mo.ibrahim.foundation/u/2018/06/21170815/2018-Forum-Report.pdf?_ga=2.176124386.1712197560.1551885727-2031218662.1525792781
  11. Mawhood IP (ed) (1993) Local government in the third world: experience with decentralization in tropical Africa. Africa Institute of South Africa, JohannesburgGoogle Scholar
  12. Qin B, Yang J (2020) Access of low-income residents to urban services for inclusive development: the case of Chengdu, China. In: Cheema S (ed) Governance for urban services: access, participation, accountability and transparency. Springer, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
  13. Rocca C, Fernandez D (2020) Serving Africa’s citizens: governance and urban service delivery. In: Cheema S (ed) Governance for urban services: access, participation, accountability and transparency. Springer, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
  14. Salim W, Drenth M (2020) Local governance and access to urban services: political and social inclusion in Indonesia. In: Cheema S (ed) Governance for urban services: access, participation, accountability and transparency. Springer, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
  15. Smoke PJ (1994) Local government finance in developing countries: the case of Kenya. Oxford University Press, NairobiGoogle Scholar
  16. Thanh ND, Long PV, Giang NK (2020) Governance for urban services in Vietnam. In: Cheema S (ed) Governance for urban services: access, participation, accountability and transparency. Springer, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
  17. United Nations (2016) The sustainable development goals report. United Nations, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  18. United Nations Development Programme (2016) UNDP human development report. UNDP, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  19. UN-HABITAT (2015) The state of Asian and Pacific cities 2015. UNESCAP, BangkokGoogle Scholar
  20. Woltjer J (2014) A global review on peri-urban development and planning. Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota 25(1)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Harvard Kennedy SchoolAsh Center for Democratic Governance and Innovation, Harvard UniversityCambridgeUSA

Personalised recommendations