The Fractional Order PID Controller Design for BG Control in Type-I Diabetes Patient

  • Akshaya Kumar Patra
  • Anuja Nanda
  • Santisudha Panigrahi
  • Alok Kumar Mishra
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems book series (LNNS, volume 109)


This manuscript presents a SIMULINK model of glucose metabolism (GM) process and design of a fractional order proportional integral-derivative controller (FOPIDC) to regulate the blood glucose (BG) concentration in Type-I diabetes mellitus (TIDM) patients. In this control strategy, the conventional PID controller (CPIDC) is re-formulated with fractional orders of the integrator and differentiator to improve the control performance. The FOPIDC is a novel approach whose gains dynamically vary with respect to the error signal. The validation of improved control action of FOPIDC is established by comparative result investigation with other published control algorithms. The comparative results clearly reveal the better performance of the proposed approach to control the BG concentration within the normoglycaemic range in terms of accuracy, stability, and robustness.


Diabetes Insulin dose Glucose concentration MID FOPIDC 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akshaya Kumar Patra
    • 1
  • Anuja Nanda
    • 1
  • Santisudha Panigrahi
    • 2
  • Alok Kumar Mishra
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EEEITER, S‘O’A UniversityBhubaneswarIndia
  2. 2.Department of CSEITER, S‘O’A UniversityBhubaneswarIndia

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