Doppler Ultrasonography in Evaluation of Severe Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Case Study

  • Saurav BharadwajEmail author
  • Sudip Paul
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1124)


A study on the effect of type 2 diabetes mellitus is incomplete without the evaluation of the Doppler ultrasonography, as it indicates the fluid pressure in the walls of the major blood vessels. Doppler USG is a non-invasive imaging technique that detects the vessel blockage and blood clots in the arteries. In advancement, the technique of Doppler electrocardiography uses high-frequency sound waves to create an image of the heart, while the use of Doppler technology allows determination of the speed and direction of blood flow by utilizing the Doppler effect. The chapter presents a typical case of a severe type 2 diabetes mellitus patient, who showed symptoms of peripheral neuropathy (i.e. reduced blood flow in narrowed blood vessels that caused severe pain in the lower limbs). Complete work is analysed considering two stages: stage one states the abnormal systolic and diastolic pressure in the vessel walls of type 2 diabetes mellitus patient, and stage two depicts the recovery stage of lowering of glucose to a normal level in the patient. A wearable glucose monitoring system is placed over the arm in the patient to continuously monitor the glucose level for 15 days.


Doppler ultrasonography Type 2 diabetes mellitus Ankle brachial index Toe brachial index 



Ankle brachial index


Brachial difference


C-reactive protein


Peak diastolic velocity


Damping factor


Type 2 diabetes mellitus


Erythrocyte sedimentation rate


High brachial pressure


High pressure


Latent autoimmune diabetes


Low brachial pressure


Low pressure


Maturity onset diabetes




Peripheral arterial disease


Pulsating index


Pourcelot ratio


Red blood cell


Peak systolic velocity


Spectral broadening index


Resistance index


Toe brachial index


Thyroid stimulating hormone




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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Indian Institute of Information Technology GuwahatiGuwahatiIndia
  2. 2.North Eastern Hill UniversityMeghalayaIndia

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