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Doppler Ultrasonography in Evaluation of Severe Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Case Study

  • Saurav BharadwajEmail author
  • Sudip Paul
Chapter
  • 22 Downloads
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1124)

Abstract

A study on the effect of type 2 diabetes mellitus is incomplete without the evaluation of the Doppler ultrasonography, as it indicates the fluid pressure in the walls of the major blood vessels. Doppler USG is a non-invasive imaging technique that detects the vessel blockage and blood clots in the arteries. In advancement, the technique of Doppler electrocardiography uses high-frequency sound waves to create an image of the heart, while the use of Doppler technology allows determination of the speed and direction of blood flow by utilizing the Doppler effect. The chapter presents a typical case of a severe type 2 diabetes mellitus patient, who showed symptoms of peripheral neuropathy (i.e. reduced blood flow in narrowed blood vessels that caused severe pain in the lower limbs). Complete work is analysed considering two stages: stage one states the abnormal systolic and diastolic pressure in the vessel walls of type 2 diabetes mellitus patient, and stage two depicts the recovery stage of lowering of glucose to a normal level in the patient. A wearable glucose monitoring system is placed over the arm in the patient to continuously monitor the glucose level for 15 days.

Keywords

Doppler ultrasonography Type 2 diabetes mellitus Ankle brachial index Toe brachial index 

Nomenclatures

ABI

Ankle brachial index

BD

Brachial difference

CRP

C-reactive protein

D

Peak diastolic velocity

DF

Damping factor

T2DM

Type 2 diabetes mellitus

ESR

Erythrocyte sedimentation rate

HBP

High brachial pressure

HP

High pressure

LADA

Latent autoimmune diabetes

LBP

Low brachial pressure

LP

Low pressure

MODY

Maturity onset diabetes

P

Pressure

PAD

Peripheral arterial disease

PI

Pulsating index

PR

Pourcelot ratio

RBC

Red blood cell

S

Peak systolic velocity

SBI

Spectral broadening index

RI

Resistance index

TBI

Toe brachial index

TSH

Thyroid stimulating hormone

USG

Ultrasonography

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Indian Institute of Information Technology GuwahatiGuwahatiIndia
  2. 2.North Eastern Hill UniversityMeghalayaIndia

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