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Automatic Generation Control of Multi-area System Incorporating Renewable Unit and Energy Storage by Bat Algorithm

  • Subhranshu Sekhar Pati
  • Aurobindo BeheraEmail author
  • Tapas Kumar Panigrahi
Conference paper
  • 58 Downloads
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)

Abstract

The proposed work demonstrates the automatic generation control (AGC) of two area systems. Both areas contain conventional plants such as thermal–hydro–diesel, as well as renewable solar PV and geothermal units with proper physical constraints. Energy storage device named ultra-capacitor (UC) has also been incorporated in the system to support the stability and damp out the oscillations. Proportional–integral–derivative with filter (PIDN) optimized through bat algorithm is used, and the response is compared with other integer-order controllers. The system is tested under three distinct cases [i.e., SLP of 1% in area-1 (Case I), 1% area-2 (Case II), and 1% in area-1, 2 (Case III)]. The analysis points out the superior performance of PIDF to that of other controllers. The impact of geothermal plant and energy storage on system performance is investigated, and it can be inferred that the inclusion of such devices would enhance the performance of the model to a great extent.

Keywords

Automatic generation control (AGC) Bat algorithm Integral square error (ISE) Renewable sources 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Subhranshu Sekhar Pati
    • 1
  • Aurobindo Behera
    • 2
    Email author
  • Tapas Kumar Panigrahi
    • 3
  1. 1.International Institute of Information TechnologyBhubaneswarIndia
  2. 2.Cambridge Institute of TechnologyRanchiIndia
  3. 3.Parala Maharaja Engineering CollegeBerhampurIndia

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