Advertisement

Comparison of Mechanical Behavior for Cow- and Goat-Fiber-Reinforced Epoxy Composites

  • K. Ch Sekhar
  • Srinivas Kona
  • V. V. Rama Reddy
  • A. Lakshumu Naidu
Conference paper
  • 55 Downloads
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)

Abstract

These days’ researchers are fascinated to develop environment-friendly materials. Natural fiber composites are environment-friendly, renewable, and biodegradable materials. These organic composites have more advantages like low cost, lower density, and easily available in nature than inorganic fibers. Manufacturing of the natural fiber composite is easy compared to the conventional methods. Also, environmental awareness and growing concern with the greenhouse effect have initiated by various industries to pay attention to eco-friendly materials for replacing the hazardous materials. Epoxy-based composites are prepared by using animal fibers, and short fiber is obtained from the animals (goat and cow). These fibers are treated with the chemicals. Groundnut shells ash is used as the filler material. Mechanical properties such as impact strength, compressive strength, surface roughness, and hardness numbers are measured. It is found that interfacial bonding between the two phases enhances the mechanical behavior of the composites. Among all, C3 composites exhibit better mechanical behavior than other composites. The microstructure of the composites is observed by the scanning electron microscopy. It is exposed that incorporation of groundnut shells ash acts as filler material, which enhances the interfacial bonding inside the composite.

Keywords

Animal fibers Mechanical properties Reinforced polymer composites 

References

  1. 1.
    Pickering KL, Efendy MA, Le TM (2016) A review of recent developments in natural fibre composites and their mechanical performance. Compos A Appl Sci Manuf 83:98–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Srinivas K, Naidu AL, Raju Bahubalendruni MVA (2017) A review on chemical and mechanical properties of natural fiber reinforced polymer composites. Int J Performability Eng 13(2):189–200Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Naidu AL, Srinivas K (2018) Experimental study of the mechanical properties of banana fiber and groundnut shell ash Reinforced epoxy hybrid composite. Int J Eng (IJE), IJE Trans A: Basics 31(4):659–665Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jayaseelan J, Vijayakumar KR, Ethiraj N, Sivabalan T (2017) The effect of fibre loading and graphene on the mechanical properties of goat hair fibre epoxy composite. IOP Conf Ser: Mater Sci Eng 282(1):01Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Oladele IO, Olajide JL, Ogunbadejo AS (2015) The influence of chemical treatment on the mechanical behavior of animal fibre-reinforced high density polyethylene composites. Am J Eng Res 4(2):19–26Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Oladele IO (2018) Effects of fiber fraction on the mechanical and abrasion properties of treated cow hair fiber reinforced polyester composites. Tribol Ind 40(2)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Verma A, Singh VK, Verma SK, Sharma A (2016) Human hair: a biodegradable composite fiber–a review. Int J Waste Resour 6(206):2Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Barone JR, Schmidt WF (2005) Polyethylene reinforced with keratin fibers obtained from chicken feathers. Compos Sci Technol 65(2):173–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Cheng S, Lau KT, Liu T, Zhao Y, Lam PM, Yin Y (2009) Mechanical and thermal properties of chicken feather fiber/PLA green composites. Compos B Eng 40(7):650–654CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Nanda BP, Satapathy A (2017, February) Processing and characterization of epoxy composites reinforced with short human hair. IOP Conf Ser: Mater Sci Eng 178(1):01Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lee SM, Cho D, Park WH, Lee SG, Han SO, Drzal LT (2005) Novel silk/poly (butylene succinate) biocomposites: the effect of short fibre content on their mechanical and thermal properties. Compos Sci Technol 65(3):647–657CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Andrea W, Hiziroglu S (2007) Some of the properties of wood–plastic composites. Build Environ 42(7):2637–2644Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Ch Sekhar
    • 1
  • Srinivas Kona
    • 1
  • V. V. Rama Reddy
    • 1
  • A. Lakshumu Naidu
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringLendi Institute of Engineering and TechnologyVizianagaramIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringGMR Institute of TechnologyRajamIndia

Personalised recommendations