Alternate Ironmaking

  • Sujay Kumar DuttaEmail author
  • Yakshil B. Chokshi


Blast furnace process continues to be the principal producer of hot metal for steel plant even today due to its size, volume of production, techno-economics, energy utilization efficiency and reasonable quality of hot metal compared to other alternative process of hot metal production.


  1. 1.
    R.H. Tupkary, V.R. Tupkary, An Introduction to Modern Iron Making, 4th edn. (Khanna Publishers, Delhi, 2012)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Y. Rajshekar, T. Venugopalan, IIM Metal News 19(5), 26 (2016)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    H. Yokoyama et al., ISIJ Int. 52(11), 2000 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. Das Gupta, Proc of Inter. Seminar on Alternative Routes for Ironmaking in India (Steel Tech, Sep 2009, Kolkata, India), p. 1Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    R. Weber, H.C. Pfeifer, D. Nose, Proceedings of International Symposium on Blast Furnace Ironmaking, Nov 1985, Jamshedpur, India), p. 121Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    P. Collin, H. Stickler, IIM Metal News 3(1), 8 (1981)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Steel Times International, 10(1), 63 (1986)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Department, Faculty of Technology and EngineeringThe Maharaja Sayajirao University of BarodaVadodaraIndia
  2. 2.Metallurgical Engineering DepartmentGovernment Polytechnic RajkotRajkotIndia

Personalised recommendations