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Molten Salt-Assisted Preparation of Nanodiamonds at Atmospheric Pressure

  • Ali Reza KamaliEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Graphite and diamond are well-known allotropes of carbon. Since the latter is far more valuable than the earlier, the transformation of graphitic structures to diamond has been subjected to a large number of studies. The industrial production of diamond crystallites is currently achievable by applying either a combination of enormous external pressure and heat on graphite or graphite–catalyst systems, or detonation of explosive carbonaceous materials. In comparison with graphite, the conversion of carbon nanostructures into diamond can be more favorable due to the effect of the surface tension brought about by the nanometer-sized curvature of carbon nanomaterials. A more facile synthesis of diamond is based on the molten salt preparation of core–shell carbon nanostructures in molten salts using either graphite or CO2 as the feed materials, and subsequent heat treatment of the fabricated nanostructured materials at atmospheric pressures, far less severe conditions than conventional processes. This chapter reviews some of the main features of these processes.

Keywords

Nanodiamonds Molten salt Carbon encapsulation Nucleation Growth Atmospheric pressure CO2 capture 

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Energy and Environmental Materials Research Centre (E2MC), School of MetallurgyNortheastern UniversityShenyangChina

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