Advertisement

Shunt Active Power Filter (SAPF) Design and Analysis of Harmonics Mitigation in Three-Phase Three-Wire Distribution System

  • Shivangi Upadhyay
  • Sachin Singh
Conference paper
  • 59 Downloads
Part of the Algorithms for Intelligent Systems book series (AIS)

Abstract

The issues related to power quality are becoming stronger; as the sensitive equipment plays a leading role in the power industry, it will pollute the system and increase the cost due to inbuilt compensation and deficiency of implemented regulations. Now, the cost and efficiency of the system are considered nearly at the identical level. Different active power filters were developed earlier to resolve the power quality issues. Among the series and shunt active power filter (SAPF), SAPF counterbalances the reactive power and brings down the load current harmonics. This paper presents both PI control and hysteresis current control based; three-phase SAPF in a three-wire three-phase system is implemented to even out the reactive power, harmonics and improving the total harmonic distortion for the nonlinear loads to improve power quality. This compensation process is a different approach only to sense the line currents and not the sensing of harmonics or load components of reactive power used in conventional methods. A MATLAB/Simulink environment is used to carry out the simulations. The obtained simulation results are the demonstration of improvement in power quality.

Keywords

Direct Current source (DC source) Pulse width modulation (PWM) Shunt active power filter (SAPF) Hysteresis current controller 

References

  1. 1.
    Grady WM, Samotyj MJ, Noyola AH (1990) Survey of active power line conditioning methodologies. IEEE Trans Power Delivery 5(3):1536–1542CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Akagi H, Kanazawa Y, Nabae A (1984) Instantaneous reactive power compensators comprising switching devices without energy storage components. IEEE Trans Ind Appl IA-20(3):625–630CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jain S, Agrawal P, Gupta HO (2003) Design simulation and experimental investigations on a shunt active power filter for harmonics and reactive power compensation. Electr Power Compon Syst 32(7):671–692CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Peng FZ, Akagi H, Nabae A (1990) Study of active power filters using quad series voltage source PWM converters for harmonic compensation. IEEE Trans Power Electron 5(1):9–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Akagi H (1994) Trends in active power line conditioners. IEEE Trans Power Electron 9(3):263–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jain SK, Agrawal P, Gupta HO (2002) Fuzzy logic controlled shunt active power filter for power quality improvement. Proc Inst Electr Eng Electr Power Appl 149(5):317–328CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Morgan LA, Dixon JW, Wallace RR (1995) A three phase active power filter operating with fixed switching frequency for reactive power and current harmonics compensation. IEEE Trans Ind Electron 42(4):402–408CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Singh B, Chandra A, Al-Haddad K (1999) Computer-aided modeling and simulation of active power filters. Electr Mach Power Syst 27:1227–1241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Singh B, Chandra A, Al-Haddad K (1999) A review of active filters for power quality improvement. IEEE Trans Ind Electron 46(5):1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Duke RM, Round SD (1993) The steady state performance of a controlled current active filter. IEEE Trans Power Electron 8:140–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Dixon JW, Garcia JJ, Morgan L (1995) Control system for three phase active power filter which simultaneously compensates power factor and unbalanced loads. IEEE Trans Ind Electron 42(6):636–641CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Watanbe EH, Stephan RM, Aredes M (1993) New concepts of instantaneous active and reactive powers in electrical systems with generic loads. IEEE Trans Power Delivery 8(2):697–703CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Soares V, Verdelho P, Marques GD (2000) An instantaneous active and reactive current component method of active filter. IEEE Trans Power Electron 15(4):660–669CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Chatterjee K, Fernandes BG, Dubey GK (1999) An instantaneous reactive volt- ampere compensator and harmonic suppressor system. IEEE Trans Power Electron 14(2):381–392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Singh B, Chandra A, Al-Haddad K (1998) Performance comparison of two current control techniques applied to an active filter. In: 8th International conference on harmonics and power quality ICHQP, pp 133–138Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Huang S-J, Wu J-C (1999) A control algorithm for three-phase three-wired active power filters under non-ideal mains voltages. IEEE Trans Power Electron 14(4):753–760CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Torey DA, Al-Zamel AM (1995) A single phase active filter for multiple nonlinear load. IEEE Trans Power Electron 10:263–272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Chaoui A, Gaubert J-P, Krim F, Rambault L (2008) On the design of shunt active filter for improving power quality. In: 2008 IEEE symposium on industrial electronicsGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shivangi Upadhyay
    • 1
  • Sachin Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringInstitute of Engineering and TechnologyLucknowIndia

Personalised recommendations