InECCE2019 pp 821-835 | Cite as

Vertical Axis Wind Turbines: An Overview

  • A. Yusof
  • M. R. Mohamed
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 632)


In recent decades, wind energy becoming one of the most important types of renewable energy in electrical power production. It has been recognized as an encouraging renewable choice and one of the cleanest way to generate electricity. This paper provides brief ideas of a few types of vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT) utilized in the electrical power generation system. The growth and implementations of wind energy harnessing, wind turbine behaviors, related findings and the future trends of VAWTs were analyzed. The existence of some energy issues such as global warming and the diminishing of fossil fuels throughout the world nowadays need to be concerned and it was perceived that VAWT plays an important role in handling these current energy issues. VAWT seems to be more advantageous compared to HAWT in term of cost basis and simple design, but lags in performance efficiency. However, VAWT demonstrates better execution in complex wind condition with small wind access, which discussed throughout this paper. Currently, a lot of researches about the enhancement and augmentation of VAWT to increase the power production efficiency are ongoing. From the literature, the maximum VAWT’s efficiency reached only about 40–50% which is still below the theoretical efficiency of the wind turbine. This shows the potential for further improvement in VAWTs to enhance the performance of wind turbine efficiencies. In summary, it can be concluded that further studies are critically needed to establish a greater acceptance of VAWTs as a feasible, reliable and reasonable power generation system especially for the low wind speed countries like Malaysia.


Wind energy Vertical axis wind turbine Low wind speed 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Yusof
    • 1
  • M. R. Mohamed
    • 1
  1. 1.Sustainable Energy and Power Electronics Research (SuPER) Group, Faculty of Electrical and Electronics EngineeringUniversiti Malaysia PahangPekanMalaysia

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