Advertisement

Investigation of the Structure-Soil-Structure Interaction Between Two Structures in Centrifuge Test

  • Van-Linh NgoEmail author
  • Rodney Ewusi-Wilson
  • Emmanuel Ike
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 62)

Abstract

Dynamic soil-structure interaction and structure-soil-structure interaction (SSSI) between two structures were investigated using the dynamic geo-centrifuge machine at KAIST, South Korea. A homogeneous ground silica sand with a relative density of 80% was prepared using air pluviation method. In-flight shear wave velocity profile of the soil was measured using an array of bender elements during the test. A Hachinohe earthquake (recorded at Tokachi Oki, Japan in 1968) was applied to the soil base as input excitation. Two single-degree-of-freedom structures were constructed with aluminum named B1 and B2. The results indicate that total power spectral density of B1, which is a more massive structure, decreased in series of test with the B2 structure compared to those in reference tests. However, SSSI effects increased response of the B2 structure, regardless of distance between the two structures. The mass ratio and distance between two structures were important parameters controlling SSSI effects.

Keywords

soil-structure interaction structure-soil-structure interaction geo centrifuge earthquake 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgement

This research was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean government (NRF-2017R1C1B2004036).

References

  1. Aldaikh, H., Alexander, N. A., Ibraim, E., & Knappett, J. (2016). Shake table testing of the dynamic interaction between two and three adjacent buildings (SSSI). Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 89, 219-232. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soildyn.2016.08.012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aldaikh, H., Alexander, N. A., Ibraim, E., & Oddbjornsson, O. (2015). Two dimensional numerical and experimental models for the study of structure–soil–structure interaction involving three buildings. Computers & Structures, 150(Supplement C), 79-91. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruc.2015.01.003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Alexander, N. A., Ibraim, E., & Aldaikh, H. (2013). A simple discrete model for interaction of adjacent buildings during earthquakes. Computers & Structures, 124, 1-10. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruc.2012.11.012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. ASCE. (1998). Seismic Analysis of Safety-Related Nuclear Structures and Commentary (Vol. 4-98): American Society of Civil Engineers, USA.Google Scholar
  5. Ghayoomi, M., & Dashti, S. (2015). Effect of Ground Motion Characteristics on Seismic Soil-Foundation-Structure Interaction. Earthquake Spectra, 31(3), 1789-1812.  https://doi.org/10.1193/040413eqs089mCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ghosh, B., & Madabhushi, S. P. G. (2007). Centrifuge modelling of seismic soil structure interaction effects. Nuclear Engineering and Design, 237(8), 887-896. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nucengdes.2006.09.027CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ha, J. G., Lee, S.-H., Kim, D.-S., & Choo, Y. W. (2014). Simulation of soil–foundation–structure interaction of Hualien large-scale seismic test using dynamic centrifuge test. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 61(Supplement C), 176-187. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soildyn.2014.01.008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hardin, B. O., & Drnevich, V. P. (1972). SHEAR MODULUS AND DAMPING IN SOILS: DESIGN EQUATIONS AND CURVES. Journal of Soil Mechanics & Foundations Division, 98(7), 667-692.Google Scholar
  9. Kim, D.-S., Kim, N.-R., Choo, Y. W., & Cho, G.-C. (2013). A newly developed state-of-the-art geotechnical centrifuge in Korea. KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, 17(1), 77-84.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12205-013-1350-5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Lee, S.-H., Choo, Y.-W., & Kim, D.-S. (2013). Performance of an equivalent shear beam (ESB) model container for dynamic geotechnical centrifuge tests. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 44(Supplement C), 102-114. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soildyn.2012.09.008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Lee, T. H., & Wesley, D. A. (1973). Soil-structure interaction of nuclear reactor structures considering through-soil coupling between adjacent structures. Nuclear Engineering and Design, 24(3), 374-387. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/0029-5493(73)90007-1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Lou, M., Wang, H., Chen, X., & Zhai, Y. (2011). Structure–soil–structure interaction: Literature review. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 31(12), 1724-1731. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soildyn.2011.07.008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Luco, J. E., & Contesse, L. (1973). Dynamic structure-soil-structure interaction. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 63(4), 1289-1303.Google Scholar
  14. Mylonakis, G., Nikolaou, S., & Gazetas, G. (2006). Footings under seismic loading: Analysis and design issues with emphasis on bridge foundations. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 26(9), 824-853. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soildyn.2005.12.005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ramberg, W., & Osgood, W. R. (1943). Description of stress-strain curves by three parameters.Google Scholar
  16. Rayhani, M. T., & El Naggar, M. H. (2012). Physical and Numerical Modeling of Seismic Soil-Structure Interaction in Layered Soils. Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, 30(2), 331-342.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10706-011-9471-4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Schofield, A. N. (1980). Cambridge Geotechnical Centrifuge Operations. Géotechnique, 30(3), 227-268. doi: https://doi.org/10.1680/geot.1980.30.3.227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Stewart, J. P., Fenves Gregory, L., & Seed Raymond, B. (1999). Seismic Soil-Structure Interaction in Buildings. I: Analytical Methods. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 125(1), 26-37. doi: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0241(1999)125:1(26)
  19. Trombetta, N. W., Mason, H. B., Hutchinson Tara, C., Zupan Joshua, D., Bray Jonathan, D., & Kutter Bruce, L. (2014). Nonlinear Soil–Foundation–Structure and Structure–Soil–Structure Interaction: Centrifuge Test Observations. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 140(5), 04013057. doi: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0001074CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Welch, P. (1967). The use of fast Fourier transform for the estimation of power spectra: a method based on time averaging over short, modified periodograms. IEEE Transactions on audio and electroacoustics, 15(2), 70-73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Wong, H. L., & Trifunac, M. D. (1975). Two-dimensional, antiplane, building-soil-building interaction for two or more buildings and for incident planet SH waves. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 65(6), 1863-1885.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Van-Linh Ngo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rodney Ewusi-Wilson
    • 1
  • Emmanuel Ike
    • 1
  1. 1.Chonam National UniversityYeosuKorea

Personalised recommendations