Advertisement

Conceptualising and Measuring Social Capital as a Sustainable Development Strategy in Mewat Region, Haryana

  • Naresh KumarEmail author
  • B. S. Butola
Chapter
  • 20 Downloads
Part of the Advances in Geographical and Environmental Sciences book series (AGES)

Abstract

This paper attempts to conceptualize and measure social capital as a sustainable development strategy in Mewat region, Haryana. Social capital resides in relations of the people that they can use for their benefits. Social capital here is reconceptualised as an instrumental use of social relations for the mutual benefit of the communities. Social capital is contextual and is best captured as a multidimensional variable. For lack of secondary data, this study relies on a primary field survey of ten sample Panchayat Villages in Mewat, Haryana. Sample Panchayats are identified through cluster random sampling and use measures of associatedness (economic, social and political), relations of production, institutions, social cohesion, and social pathologies as a set of variables. A mixed methods approach is used to analyze the variables. The empirical results show that socio-cultural activity has the highest level of associatedness followed by economic and political activities. The results show that self-help groups are an important source of social capital along with associatedness in socio-cultural activities, increase in mutually beneficial production relations, vibrant institutions and strong social cohesion. The paper concludes that social capital along with economic capital can be employed as a strategy of sustainable development in Mewat region, Haryana.

Keywords

Social capital Sustainable development Meos Other communities Mewat region Haryana 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The author certifies that no funding was received for this paper. At the time of writing this research, he had no affiliation with any organization with any financial interest or non-financial interest in the subject matter or materials discussed in this manuscript. All procedures performed were in accordance with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments and ethical approval was obtained from all sources. Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in this article. The author further declares that there is no conflict of interest involved in the preparation of this article.

References

  1. Ali AH et al (1970) Meos of Mewat: old neighbours of New Delhi. Oxford University Press, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  2. Bjornskov C (2006) Determinants of generalized trust: a cross-country comparison. Public Choice 130(1):1–21Google Scholar
  3. Bourdieu P (1986) The forms of capital. In: Richardson JG (ed) Handbook of theory and research for the sociology of education. Greenwood, New York, pp 46–58Google Scholar
  4. Brehm J, Rahn W (1997) Individual level evidence for the causes and consequences of social capital. Am J Polit Sci 41(3):999–1023CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brisson D, Usher CL (2012) Conceptualizing and measuring bonding social capital in low-income neighbourhoods. J Soc Sci Res 34(1):1–11Google Scholar
  6. Bullen P, Onyx J (1998, 2005) Measuring social capital in five communities in NSW: a practitioner’s guide. Management Alternatives, NSWGoogle Scholar
  7. Coleman SJ (1988) Social capital in the creation of human capital. Am J Sociol 94(1):S95–S120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Coleman SJ (1994) Foundations of social theory. Harvard University Press, Massachusetts, pp 300–324Google Scholar
  9. Defilippis J (2001) The myth of social capital in community development. Housing Policy Debate 12(4):781–806CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Escobar A (2011) Encountering development: the making and unmaking of the third world. Princeton University Press, New Jersey, pp 21–54Google Scholar
  11. Grootaert C (1998) Social capital: the missing link. Social Capital initiative, Working paper No. 3. World Bank, Washington D.CGoogle Scholar
  12. Knack S, Keefer P (1997) Does social capital have an economic payoff? A cross-country investigation. Q J Econ 112(4):1251–1288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Krishna A (2002) Active social capital: tracing the roots of development and democracy. Columbia University Press, New York, pp 55–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Krishna A (2007) How does social capital grow: a seven year study of villages in India. J Polit 69(4):941–956CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Krishna A, Uphoff N (1999) Mapping and measuring social capital: a conceptual and empirical study of collective action for conserving and developing watersheds in Rajasthan, India, Social Capital Initiative, Working paper No. 13. World Bank, Washington D.CGoogle Scholar
  16. Kropotkin P (1998) Mutual aid: a factor of evolution. New York University Press, New York, pp 76–77Google Scholar
  17. Mahmood A (1977) Statistical methods in geographical studies. Rajesh Publications, New Delhi, p 91Google Scholar
  18. Narayan D, Pritchett L (1999) Cents and sociability: household income and social capital in rural Tanzania. Econ Dev Cult Chang 47(4):871–897CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Paxton P (1999) Is social capital declining in the United States? A multiple indicator assessment. Am J Sociol 105(1):88–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Portes A, Landolt P (2000) Social capital: promise and pitfalls of its role in development. J Lat Am Stud 32:529–547CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Portney KE, Berry MJ (1997) Mobilizing minority communities: social capital and participation in urban neighbourhoods. Am Behav Sci 40(5):632–644CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Putnam DR (2000) Bowling Alone: the collapse and revival of the American community. Simon & Schuster, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  23. Putnam DR, Leonardi R, Nanetti YR (1993) Making democracy work: civic traditions in modern Italy. Princeton University Press, New JerseyGoogle Scholar
  24. Saegert S, Thompson JP, Warren MR (2001) Social capital and poor communities. The Russel Sage Foundation, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  25. Sampson JR, Graif C (2009) Neighbourhood social capital as differential organization: resident and leadership dimensions. Am Behav Sci 52(11):1579–1605CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Sikand Y (1995) Meonis of Mewat. Econ Polit Wkly 30(10):490–492Google Scholar
  27. Stone W (2001) Measuring social capital: towards a theoretically informed measurement framework for researching social capital in family and community life, Working paper No. 24. Australian Institute of Family Studies, MelbourneGoogle Scholar
  28. Svendsen GT, Bjornskov C (2007) How to construct a robust measure of social capital: two contributions. J Comp Policy Anal Res Pract 9(3):275–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Uslaner EM (2008) Trust and consequences. In: Gupta KR, Svendsen GLH, Maiti P (eds) Social capital, vol 2, Atlantic Publishers, New Delhi, p 58–87Google Scholar
  30. Woolcock M (1998) Social capital and economic development: towards a theoretical synthesis and policy framework. Theory Soc 27(2):151–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. World Commission on Environment and Development (1987) Our common future. United Nations, Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Social SciencesCentre for the Study of Regional Development, Jawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations